The new model of Labour reform was introduced by the president Andrés Manuel López Obrador; in the first instance, enters into force in 8 entities, to later be implemented throughout the Mexican Republic.
The entities where it began as of this November 18 are:
- Mexico state
- San Luis Potosi
- Hidalgo, only at the federal level
What is the Labor Reform?
The new model of Labour reform it focuses on conciliation as a way for employers and workers to settle their differences. It will be held within a maximum period of 45 days and it will be mandatory to attend if you want to start a trial.
- The conciliation process is in the hands of the Federal Center for Labor Conciliation and Registration (CFCRL) and the conciliation centers of the states.
- The labor courts will conduct oral, agile, modern, expeditious trials and in the presence of a judge.
- The Federal Conciliation and Arbitration Board, as well as the local Conciliation Boards of said entities, close their windows, they will no longer receive new cases and will only dedicate themselves to finishing their pending matters.
- Union democracy is established as the way to approve the main decisions of a union.
- The personal, free, direct and secret vote of the workers is the method for electing directors and approving collective agreements and their revisions.
- The obligation to prove that there is real representation of the workers is established so that a union can negotiate with employers.
- For the above, the unions must process the “Representation Certificate”, where they demonstrate that they have the support of 30% of the workers for the conclusion of an initial collective contract.
- The CFCRL will keep the national registry of unions, collective contracts, contract-laws and internal labor regulations, as well as the supervision of compliance with union democracy.
In his speech during the presentation of the Labour reform, the presiding minister of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN), Arturo Zaldivar, he assured that impartial decisions will be made for the first time.
“In the administration of labor justice, for the first time, independent and impartial judges will be in charge of adjudicating the rights of the parties, from a normative-constitutional perspective.”
Reactions on the Labor Reform
The senator and secretary general of the Confederación de Trabajadores de México (CTM), Carlos Aceves del Olmo, ruled out that the implementation of the new model (Labor Reform) take power away from the different unions that exist in the country; “On the contrary, it will make them stronger.”