As the Covid-19 pandemic slows down on the Old Continent, the pressure is easing on hospitals … and on citizens. In France, the deconfinement continues: Edouard Philippe, the Prime Minister, announced Thursday a series of measures which will allow the French to gradually regain their freedom of movement.
In America, on the other hand, the virus is still actively circulating. The United States has thus recorded 1,297 new additional deaths, according to the daily count of Johns-Hopkins University. This brings to 101,573 the total number of deaths in the country, by far the most bereaved by the pandemic. In Latin America (including the Caribbean), there are 43,556 deaths (for 809,124 cases), including 25,000 in Brazil. Worldwide, the coronavirus has killed nearly 357,000 people.
The main information to remember
> In the United States, around 1,300 deaths have been recorded in 24 hours
> Edouard Philippe announced 4.5 billion euros in emergency measures for local authorities
> The European Commission proposes a 15 billion euro fund for strategic companies
Follow the day’s events live:
> France records 52 additional deaths, still fewer patients in intensive care
France recorded 52 additional deaths in 24 hours, bringing the total balance to 28,714, according to the Directorate General of Health. The decline continues in intensive care where there are now 1,361 patients, against 1,429 on Thursday.
> Dozens of households in France, but no resumption of the epidemic
Since the containment was lifted on May 11, 109 outbreaks of Covid-19 have been identified in France, but none has yet been responsible for the spread of the epidemic, according to the public health agency France. More generally, there are “no signals in favor of a resumption of the epidemic”.
In one in five cases, the outbreak is controlled (no new case 7 days after the last) or even extinguished (no new case within 14 days). During the previous update on May 21, the number of outbreaks rose to 46. However, the health authorities have repeatedly pointed out that an increase was not bad news in itself, but on the contrary reflected better tracking capacity. Provided these outbreaks are controlled by isolating the positive cases.
> Italy records 87 new deaths
The number of new deaths in 24 hours rose Friday to 87, against 70 Thursday, announced the Civil Protection. The latter recorded 516 new contaminations in 24 hours, down from the previous day when 593 additional contaminations had been reported.
Since February 21, the epidemic has killed 33,229 people on the peninsula, making Italy the third most affected country, behind the United States and the United Kingdom. The number of confirmed infections amounted to 232,248, which places Italy in sixth place in the world, behind the United States, Russia, Spain, Great Britain and Brazil.
> Lille restaurants, cafes and bars will not pay tax on the terraces all year round
The mayor of Lille Martine Aubry announced this measure to “accompany” restaurants, cafes and bars after two and a half months of closure imposed to fight against the coronavirus pandemic. A deliberation will be submitted to a vote at the next municipal council, on June 12.
The city councilor, candidate for a fourth term, also promised “extensions or creations of terraces” “wherever possible”, under certain conditions, except for establishments that have “posed problems” with residents by the past and the places where the Bâtiments de France refuse it.
> The Louvre museum is preparing to reopen on July 6
Closed since March 13 due to the coronavirus epidemic, the Paris museum announced Friday that it is preparing to reopen on July 6. The Carrousel garden, which depends on the same public establishment, will reopen on Saturday. The Tuileries garden will be accessible again on Sunday.
Similarly, the Louvre-Lens museum is preparing for a gradual reopening: its park and the Galerie du Temps will be accessible free of charge from next Wednesday; June 10 for the exhibition ‘Black Suns’, access to which will be free throughout the month of June.
> Greece to reopen its sky to 29 countries
Greece announced on Friday that it will open its Athens and Thessaloniki airports to tourists from 29 countries around the world from June 15, the start of the tourist season, according to the Ministry of Tourism.
About fifteen European Union (EU) countries appear on this list, including Germany, Austria, Denmark, Finland, the Czech Republic, the Baltic countries, Cyprus or Malta as well as the neighboring Balkan countries. from Greece. Tourists from Australia, Japan, Israel, Lebanon, China, New Zealand or South Korea are also allowed to visit Greece.
> India’s quarterly growth fell to 3.1%, the weakest in 20 years
The Indian economy experienced, for the quarter from January to March, its weakest growth in 20 years, according to figures revealed Friday by the government, which warns that the worst is to come with the containment put in place to cope to the pandemic.
During this quarter, the third Asian economy saw its growth decline to 3.1%, while containment was not decided until the end of March. The next quarter should show a severe contraction while industry, services and consumption have been completely stopped.
> Canada’s GDP Decreases 8.2% in the First Quarter
The Canadian economy contracted 8.2% year on year in the first quarter as a result of lower household spending and the shutdown of several sectors due to the pandemic, announced this Friday institute of statistics.
However, this drop is less pronounced than that anticipated by analysts, who expected a 10% drop in gross domestic product (GDP). Quarter over quarter, the decline was 2.1% for the first three months of the year, Statistics Canada said.
> 26% higher mortality in France in March-April 2020 compared to 2019
France registered between March 1 and April 30 an excess of mortality of 26% compared to the same period of 2019 and 16% compared to 2018, according to data published Friday by INSEE.
The statistical institute, which recalls that the excess mortality cannot be entirely attributed to the health crisis linked to the Covid-19 epidemic, has recorded a total of 129,084 cumulative deaths for the months of March and April this year (which corresponds to an average of 2,116 deaths per day), compared to a total of 102,785 deaths in the same period last year.
INSEE also specifies that since May 1, “there is no longer any excess mortality in France compared to the previous two years”, even if these data are still provisional.
> Brazil’s GDP declines by 1.5% in the first quarter
Brazil’s GDP fell 1.5% between January and March 2020 compared to the previous three months, due to the first effects of the coronavirus, according to official figures released on Friday. The containment measures affecting the economy only began in mid-March in this country, which has since become one of the main centers of the pandemic in the world.
> The European Commission proposes a 15 billion euro fund for strategic companies
This new fund would make it possible to take stakes in strategic companies or to offer them loans, explained the Commissioner for the Internal Market Thierry Breton during a press conference this Friday, citing sectors like health, space, defense, digital and “green” technologies.
According to the French commissioner, the Community financial support will go to companies “in need of more capital to continue their expansion” and will also make it possible to avoid the entry into the capital of unwanted investors.
> Portugal: pandemic lowers GDP
Portugal’s gross domestic product (GDP) fell in the first quarter of 2020, 3.8% compared to the last three months of 2019, and 2.3% year on year, according to a second estimate published by the National Institute statistics (Ine).
> In two months, corporate debt jumped
Since the coronavirus crisis started, companies have borrowed – and then saved – six to eight times more than usual. In total, over the two months March-April, the debt increased by 91.3 billion, mainly to secure cash requirements.
> 4.5 billion euros in emergency measures for local authorities
The State will include in the third amending finance bill several emergency measures to help local communities to pass the course of the health crisis. In particular, a mechanism is set up to compensate for the loss of tax and state revenue from municipalities and inter-municipal authorities, for an amount estimated at 750 million euros.
The head of government also indicated that he would provide “an additional billion euros” in funds to support the “green” investments of the municipalities, after a meeting with representatives of the associations of mayors in Matignon.
> Understanding everything in phase 2 of deconfinement
June 2, June 15, June 22 or July 4… When will we be able to organize a large picnic at the Buttes-Chaumont, in Paris? When can we reinvest the beaches? When can municipal swimming pools reopen? Summary of the calendar, specified by Edouard Philippe Thursday, May 28.
> Peak of new cases in Iran, highest for two months
Iranian authorities have announced a spike in the number of new Covid-19 cases in 24 hours, the highest in almost two months, warning that the situation is worsening in some regions. 2,819 new cases have been confirmed, bringing the total number to 146,668 infections recorded since the announcement of the first infections in mid-February.
> The massive return to school will await the start of the new school year
“We will work to lighten the health protocol” so that in September, “all students can go to school,” promised the Minister of Education. Faced with the impossibility of welcoming 100% of the students, Jean-Michel Blanquer mentioned “rotations” in the establishments. He strongly criticized Anne Hidalgo, the mayor of Paris, where the recovery is “more difficult than elsewhere”.
> A minimum income set up in Spain
Madrid is deploying its social shield against the crisis. The Spanish government is preparing to approve today by decree the new Minimum Living Income (IMV) which should allow 850,000 families to keep their heads above water.
The health crisis, which left hundreds of thousands of families without income, forced the executive to speed up the implementation of the device which was already part of the government coalition program between the PSOE socialists and Podemos.
> Italy concerned about end of traffic restrictions
The government must ratify the end of restrictions on interregional mobility on June 3. However, the still precarious epidemiological situation in the northern regions causes concern for those in the south, spared by the Covid-19. Some regional presidents are calling for the creation of a health passport for tourists and want to strengthen controls to dissuade arrivals of Northerners on their territory.
> Chloroquine: “concerns” of scientists over the “Lancet” study
Dozens of scientists have published an open letter expressing their “concerns” over the methods of the large study published in the “Lancet”, which led to the suspension of clinical trials on hydroxychloroquine.
Released on May 22, the study is based on data from some 96,000 patients hospitalized between December and April in 671 hospitals, and compares the condition of those who received treatment with that of patients who did not. She concludes that the controversial hydroxychloroquine does not seem to be beneficial for Covid patients and could even be harmful.
The impact of this study has led many researchers around the world to scrutinize the publication in detail. “This review raised both concerns about the methodology and the integrity of the data,” they point out before making a long list of problematic points, of the authors’ refusal to give access to the data in the absence ” ethical review ”.
> Airbus degraded by S & P
Standard & Poor’s financial rating agency downgraded Airbus’ credit rating to A / A-1 from A + / A-1 +, saying it was worried about the impact of the coronavirus crisis on flows cash available from the European aircraft manufacturer.
The rating has a negative outlook. “The negative outlook reflects the uncertainty of the assumptions used in our baseline scenario for Airbus, in particular the possible need for Airbus to further reduce its production and to embark on a higher level of restructuring than currently planned,” explains S & P.
> Galeries Lafayette in Paris reopen on Saturday
This decision follows a decree Friday from the Paris prefecture of police repealing that of May 13 which had ordered the closure to the public of Galeries Lafayette Haussmann. The prefect of police explains that he made his decision in view of “the favorable development of the health situation in Paris and in the Paris agglomeration”, the epidemic, which caused the death of 28,662 people in France, retreating day after day according to the latest statistics.
The same decree, also dated Friday, authorizes the reopening of the Italie 2 shopping center in Paris. The department store, like many other large shopping centers in Paris, had been closed in application of a government decision preventing the reopening of sites of more than 40,000 m2 in the Paris region.
> School: no reduction in the health protocol
The Minister of National Education Jean-Michel Blanquer explained that there will be no reduction in the health protocol which governs the reception of students in schools, between now and the summer holidays on July 4.
“We are still in an epidemic situation, we must remain rigorous in terms of compliance with health rules, it is likely to reassure parents because one of our challenges is to bring children to school,” said the minister. Blanquer questioned on Franceinfo.
> The Paris Bourse loses 1.41% pending the Trump conference
The Paris Stock Exchange retreated this morning while waiting for a press conference where Donald Trump must announce what he will “do vis-à-vis China”. At 10:05 a.m., the CAC 40 index lost 67.12 points to 4,704.27 points. The day before, the Parisian rating had finished for the fourth session in the green (+1.76%).
European markets continued their rally on Thursday while American markets turned red at the very end of the session after Donald Trump announced a press conference on China scheduled for Friday.
> Brussels launches an information site for intra-EU holidaymakers
The site in question, called Reopen.eu, will “centralize all the best practices so that if you want to move around the EU, you will know how to get from one point to another and what you will find on arrival, including in terms of precaution ”, explained Thierry Breton, the European Commissioner for the internal market.
A reopening of the borders is scheduled within Europe from mid-June, but so far announcements have been made out of sequence between European countries despite calls from the European Commission for more consultation.
> Macron sets up a commission of experts to rethink the global post-epidemic economy
Emmanuel Macron set up, this Friday during a videoconference, a commission of 26 French and international economists. It will have to work on three “major global economic challenges” in the post-coronavirus context: climate, inequalities and demography, announced the Elysee.
This commission is responsible for “presenting recommendations to make economic policies more effective” to respond to these three challenges. It will have to issue a final report in December 2020.
> Deconfinement: Castaner appeals to “responsibility and good citizenship”
Interior Minister Christophe Castaner called on the French to “responsibility and good citizenship” on Friday for phase 2 of the deconfinement, arguing that “we had not won the fight against covid-19 in France and in the world “. He insisted that the 100 km rule, beyond which it is prohibited to travel, was “still in force this extended weekend”.
“There will still be checks,” he said. Nevertheless, he continued, “the objective has never been to sanction the French by minutes, but to protect them”. Regarding the wearing of masks in gardens and on beaches, Mr. Castaner explained that “the prefect” could decide to “make it compulsory according to local circumstances”. Asked about the conditions for organizing gatherings, up to 5,000 people, in large outdoor places, the minister said that there would be “no control”, but “an agreement with the prefects and the organizers for distancing and barrier gestures ”.
> France: household consumption collapsed by a third in April
Household consumption in France dropped by a third (33.7%) in April compared to February, and 20.2% compared to March, according to data published by INSEE on Friday . A fall which can be explained by the confinement, in place throughout the month of April, against only the last two weeks of March.
Furthermore, according to the National Institute of Statistics, gross domestic product (GDP) fell by -5.3% in the first quarter. A decrease less steep than that expected of -5.8% at the end of April. “This unusually strong revision is explained by the replacement of certain estimates and extrapolations for the month of March, very affected by the containment measures” implemented from March 17, explains INSEE. Finally, the rise in consumer prices slowed to 0.2% year-on-year in May in France due to a “steep decline in the prices of energy and manufactured products”, reported INSEE Friday.
> Doubling of cardiac arrests in the Paris region at the peak of Covid-19
According to a study published by researchers in the journal The Lancet Public Health, only about a third of these “extra” cardiac arrests recorded during this period are directly associated with Covid-19. Survival was halved upon arrival at the hospital. During the period studied, only 12.8% of the identified patients were alive on arrival at the hospital, compared to 22.8% at the same period in previous years.
To explain the other two-thirds, several hypotheses are put forward (saturation of the healthcare system, poorly or not accessible city medicine, stress, etc.). “There was a breakdown in the medical follow-up of the patients, because they were unable to consult, because they feared to interfere, resulting in a delay in the call, or fear, for some, of contaminated in the hospital ”explains Pr Marijon of the Cardiovascular Research Center in Paris.
> A return to normal in transport?
The abolition of the limit of 100 km outside the home for travel, from Tuesday, opens the way to long distance travel and a rise in transport professionals, very affected by the coronavirus crisis. “The lifting of the limit of 100 km to move freely is good news for the French, who were waiting for this announcement especially for the preparation of their holidays”, hastened to react the SNCF.
The company had already opened its reservations for summer 2020. But, SNCF is currently forced to sell only one seat out of two to comply with the rules of distancing. However below 60% occupancy in TGV (80% for Ouigo), the company says it is losing money.
> Seoul limits the number of students in its schools because of an outbreak
South Korea on Friday placed restrictions on the number of students that its schools can accommodate in Seoul in the hope of circumscribing new foci of coronavirus contamination. Nurseries, primary schools and colleges in the metropolitan area of Seoul can only accommodate one child in three, and the others will have to follow a distance education.
South Korea was the second country most affected by the epidemic after its Chinese outbreak in late February, but the government has managed to contain the situation thanks to a very extensive strategy of testing and tracing the contacts of infected persons which caused it earned praise from foreign capitals.
> Volkswagen invests 2 billion euros in electrics
The German auto giant has announced a total investment of around 2 billion euros to develop electrical products in China, the world’s largest automotive market. China, which accounts for 40% of Volkswagen sales, is “the world’s largest e-mobility market” and “in 2025, 1.5 million new energy vehicles will be sold in the country”, underlines the group in a press release.
The investment will take a majority stake in a joint venture that Volkswagen already owns in China, JAC, to the tune of one billion euros. A second billion will be used to acquire a stake in a local battery manufacturer, Gotion High-Tech.
> Renault confirms a restructuring plan for 6 factories in France
After announcing Thursday the abolition of 15,000 jobs worldwide, the company continued to reveal, this Friday, the details of its restructuring plan. It is a drastic savings plan of more than two billion euros to restore its competitiveness.
Six factories in France are concerned. “In a context of uncertainties and complexity, this project is vital to guarantee a solid and sustainable performance,” said interim executive director Clotilde Delbos, quoted in a press release. The restructuring plan aims to reduce fixed costs by 20% by 2022.
> Chinese stock markets drop at opening
Chinese stock markets opened sharply lower, with investors worried about renewed tensions between Beijing and Washington, hours before a press conference by Donald Trump about China.
In the first exchanges in Hong Kong, the Hang Seng composite index fell 1.52% to 22,781.11 points. In mainland China, the Shanghai Stock Exchange yielded 0.37% to 2,835.58 points and that of Shenzhen dropped 0.29% to 1,764.52 points.
> Brazil: more than 1,000 dead in 24 hours
Brazil on Thursday recorded more than 1,000 deaths and a record of infections in the past 24 hours. Some 26,417 new infections have been reported, for a total of 438,238, according to the Ministry of Health.
The South American giant is the second most infected country in the world, behind the United States (more than 1.7 million). It is also the sixth most bereaved country on the planet. Relative to its population of 210 million inhabitants, the figures for Brazil are however less disastrous than other countries, with 125 deaths per million inhabitants, against more than 300 in the United States and 580 in Spain.
> Record drop in industrial production in Japan
Industrial production in Japan, hit hard by the global coronavirus crisis, plunged 9.1% in April over a month. This is the worst drop in this indicator since the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011.
It was also the third month in a row for this indicator to drop, and in much larger proportions than the consensus forecast by Bloomberg economists (-5.7%). The automotive, steel and transport equipment sectors contributed the most to the decline.
> Peru counts its deaths by the thousands
Peru has exceeded 4,000 deaths since the start of the epidemic in the country in March, with 116 new deaths in 24 hours and more than 141,000 cases recorded. The country is thus the third most affected country in Latin America after Brazil and Mexico, however much larger and populated.
The Peruvian government decided in March to national containment, a curfew and the closing of borders, without however succeeding in controlling the epidemic. “If we had not decided on quarantine, we would have reached 83,000 dead,” said Prime Minister Vicente Zeballos.
> About 1,300 additional deaths in the United States
The United States has recorded 1,297 new deaths from coronavirus in 24 hours, according to the daily count of Johns-Hopkins University. This brings to 101,573 the total number of deaths deplored in the country, by far the most bereaved by the pandemic, the symbolic bar of 100,000 deaths having been crossed Wednesday.
After tweeting and retweeting more than forty times on other subjects since the crossing of this threshold, without referring to it, President Donald Trump expressed his condolences on Thursday to the relatives of those who died of the virus. Since the first death of Covid-19 announced at the end of February, the United States has recorded more than 1.7 million cases.
> In the United States, republican elected officials silence a positive case of Covid-19
Pennsylvania state Democrat parliamentarians on Thursday called for the resignation of Republican colleagues after it was revealed that one of them had tested positive for coronavirus without it leaking for a week. A case that exacerbates the partisan divisions around the pandemic.
According to the opposition, Andrew Lewis thus avoided for days publicly revealing that he had tested positive for Covid-19, and his leaders also refused to announce it. Republicans feared this would contradict their position that it was “safe to interact with other people and return to work,” accused Democrat Brian Sims.
> Which diabetics are most at risk?
According to a new French study, type 2 diabetics, aged over 75 and suffering from complications linked to their disease are more likely to suffer from a severe form of Covid-19. It was known until now that diabetes was one of the aggravating factors against SARS-CoV-2: a diabetic is more likely to suffer from a severe form of the disease and to die of it, just like the obese, those suffering from hypertension or the elderly.
The study “made it possible to have a more precise picture of the diabetic patient at risk”, according to Professor Cariou, of the Nantes University Hospital. It also shows that there are very few type 1 diabetic patients among the severe forms of Covid (only 3% of cases).
> Boris Johnson lightens up English deconfinement
The British will be able to get some air. Boris Johnson announced on Thursday the measures that will apply from next week to the majority of the population of the country.
From Monday, schools will reopen gradually and small groups of up to six people can meet outside all over England. In Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, local executives have so far refused to apply the lifting of measures decided by London.
> Reopening in sight for restaurants and the tourism sector in France
The hour of recovery has struck for the French leisure tourism sector, hit hard by the health crisis. Most establishments will be able to reopen from June 2, after more than two months of shutdown. Another key point for operators: the end of the limitation of travel beyond 100 kilometers.
Since almost all metropolitan regions are considered “green zones”, with the exception of Ile-de-France, Edouard Philippe therefore decided to authorize the resumption of activity there for bars, cafes, restaurants and all tourist hosts. The same is true for sports halls. The nightclubs will remain closed.