Andrés Manuel López Obrador it has launched, for the first time in three years, to propose a new geopolitical order for the American continent. The Mexican president has requested this Saturday the replacement of the Organization of American States (OAS) by a new body that integrates all the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean and resolves the conflicts between them. “The proposal is, neither more nor less, than to build something similar to the European Union, but attached to our history, our reality and our identities. In that spirit, the replacement of the OAS by a truly autonomous body, not a lackey of anyone, but a mediator at the request and acceptance of the parties in conflict in matters of human rights and democracy should not be ruled out, ”he said in an unusual speech. pronounced in the Castle of Chapultepec on the subject of 238 years since the birth of Simón Bolívar.
The commemoration around the Bolivarian leader has been only the pretext of the Mexican president to make a strong statement about the hegemony and intervention of the United States in the countries of Latin America in the last 200 years. Furthermore, his speech occurred at the same time as the celebration of the Summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and with the presence of 25 ministers from the entire region in Mexico City. Mexico’s intention points to the displacement of the OAS –based in Washington and under the leadership of Uruguayan diplomat Luis Almagro– for a more regional commitment to the resolution of conflicts between Latin American countries.
The speech has been far from the obsessions of López Obrador as president – which tend to abound in attacks on his opponents and his work for the less favored – and instead, the president has opened the spotlight to the international scene and has taken advantage of the figure of Bolívar as an integrator of Latin America to make an open and clear proposal. The integration of Latin American countries through diplomatic organizations has already been a task undertaken at the time by Hugo Chávez from Venezuela and by Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva from Brazil, but they have been efforts that have been diluted due to the ideological differences between the leaders. of the countries that have participated in these exercises.
López Obrador’s call is seen as a movement of pieces in the geopolitical chess from the governments of the left of Latin America and in resistance towards the OAS and the right, the truth is that CELAC has managed to bring almost all of the countries in the region –without the United States– even though they are ideologically at odds with each other. Something that the OAS no longer achieves. “Let’s say goodbye to impositions, interference, sanctions, exclusions and blockades (…) let’s begin an integration in our continent under the premise of George Washington, according to which nations should not take advantage of the misfortune of other peoples” , said the Mexican.
With a review of history, López Obrador has brought to the present the role of the United States in the region. The Mexican recalled that since the nineteenth century the founding fathers of the United States paid attention to the South and promoted the rejection of European interventionism in America, to later maintain a dominant foreign policy throughout the continent. López Obrador, a president who fills many of his acts with symbolism, has invited writer Isabel Allende, niece of former Chilean president Salvador Allende, who was overthrown in 1973 in a coup backed by the United States. The history of the independence of the countries of America has served López Obrador to propose a new direction to the geopolitical dynamics of the continent. “It is now time for a new coexistence among all the countries of America because the model imposed more than two centuries ago is exhausted, it has no future, no way out, it no longer benefits anyone,” he mentioned.
Although his speech could seem an affront to the United States, the president has chosen to recognize the economic dominance that the power currently has in the region and how fundamental the commercial relationship with that country is for Mexico. “Our closeness forces us to seek agreements and it would be a serious mistake to kick Samson with us, but at the same time we have powerful reasons to assert our sovereignty, with arguments, without sloops, that we are not a protectorate, a colony or its courtyard rear, ”he said. López Obrador warned that China has gained relevance on the world economic scene that could change the position of the United States vis-à-vis Latin American countries.
The words of the Mexican also brought up the case of Cuba facing the economic blockade of Washington. López Obrador has defended the Cuban regime in recent weeks against protests over food shortages in several cities on the island. “We may or may not agree with the Cuban Revolution and its Government, but having resisted 62 years without submission is quite a feat. I believe that for their fight in defense of the sovereignty of their country, the people of Cuba deserve the award of dignity, “added the president. The latest example of Mexican support for Cuba is the shipment this Sunday of two ships with food and medical supplies to the island.
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