Did you take time off for the weekend? Here are the main news to remember from Saturday 21 and Sunday 22 November.
Several thousand people gathered in France against the proposed “global security” law
“Not even a drone”, “Blurring of mouth”. Several rallies took place, Saturday, November 21, in France against the proposed law called “global security”, one of the articles of which concentrates very strong criticism from French journalists, who see it as a risk of hindrance to the freedom to inform. The twenty demonstrations organized in France would have brought together some 22,000 people, including 7,000 in Paris, 2,000 in Marseille and 1,300 in Montpellier, Agence France-Presse (AFP) learned from the Paris Police Prefecture and police source.
Article 24, adopted by the National Assembly on Friday evening, provides for punishing “One year’s imprisonment and a fine of 45,000 euros” broadcasting unblurred images of a police or military “With the obvious aim that his physical or mental integrity may be harmed”, and at the same time creates a new offense in the 1881 law on freedom of the press.
Jonathann Daval sentenced to twenty-five years in prison for the murder of his wife, Alexia
After six days of intense and hypermedia trial, Jonathann Daval was sentenced on Saturday, November 21 by the Assize Court of Haute-Saône to twenty-five years of criminal imprisonment for the murder of his wife, Alexia. When the verdict was announced, after about two and a half hours of deliberation, the accused remained calm and unmoved. Jonathann Daval will not appeal the decision, announced one of his lawyers, Ornella Spatafora.
This verdict is lower than the requisitions of the Advocate General, who had called for life imprisonment against the 36-year-old computer scientist. Jonathann Daval admitted during his trial to have intentionally killed his wife.
No crime of ecocide, but an offense to punish environmental damage
The citizens’ convention for the climate had voted for the creation of a crime of ecocide, the government decided to make it only an offense. A “Ecocide offense” aimed at preventing and punishing serious damage to the environment will be created, announced Sunday, November 22, the Minister of Ecological Transition, Barbara Pompili, and the Keeper of the Seals, Eric Dupond-Moretti.
In a joint interview with Sunday newspaper, M. Dupond-Moretti and Mme Pompili detail this new offense, weakening the wishes of the 150 citizens of the climate convention. “The citizen enthusiasm which has been expressed must be followed by a legal translation into the penal code”, justifies the Keeper of the Seals, arguing a problem of constitutionality with regard to the word « crime ». The fines, which are intended to be dissuasive, will range from 375,000 to 4.5 million euros.
A second offense of “Endangering the environment” should also see the light of day. Unlike the first, the sanctions can be applied even when the pollution has not yet taken place, said the Ministry of Ecological Transition.
Arm wrestling over videoconferencing at the seats
Accused of endangering the fundamental rights of litigants, the keeper of the seals, Eric Dupond-Moretti, defended his controversial order on Sunday, November 22. This offers the possibility of having an accused appear by videoconference at the end of the assize trial, with or without his consent, including when his state of health is not compatible with his hearing. The minister believes that there is no other solution for justice to work in the midst of the Covid-19 epidemic.
The text signed Wednesday by the former criminal lawyer exceptionally authorizes, during the health crisis, that the final part of a criminal trial – pleadings and requisitions – can take place in the physical absence of the accused.
In a column published on Saturday in The world, 19 defense lawyers in the 2015 bombings trial believe that “This ordinance, cut to the millimeter to unblock the river trial in which we are involved, is an iniquitous and flagrant violation of the fundamental rights of litigants and of the rights of the defense”. “Confiscating from the accused the right to be present at his hearing is part of an unacceptable dehumanization of justice”, they write.
In France, no deconfinement in sight from December 1, but “flexibility”
Christmas, shops, trips … the arbitration of Emmanuel Macron, who is due to deliver a new speech on Tuesday evening, is expected on serious questions, while impatience rises for a reduction in the constraints imposed on the French to face the second wave of Covid-19.
If the executive has said and repeated in recent days that deconfinement was excluded at this stage, Emmanuel Macron is preparing to loosen the vise: the “Relaxations (…) will be carried out in three stages with regard to health trends and the risks associated with certain activities: first aroundis December, then before the end of year holidays, then from January 2021 “, explained to JDD government spokesperson Gabriel Attal.
In the immediate future, the reopening of shops “Around the 1is December “ is almost acquired, with adapted protocols. But “Some establishments, such as bars and restaurants, will continue to experience restrictions”, underlined Mr. Attal. In addition, the travel certificate will remain in force, as already announced by the Prime Minister.
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