The United States reached the mark of 250,000 deaths attributed to Covid-19 on Wednesday November 18 since the start of the pandemic, according to the benchmark count from Johns-Hopkins University. The country, where the epidemic has picked up significantly in recent weeks, is by far the most bereaved in the world by the disease, ahead of Brazil and India. It also accounts alone, with more than 11 million cases, for nearly a fifth of the total number of contaminations recorded across the world since the appearance of the new coronavirus in China at the end of 2019.
The United States has recorded an average of more than a thousand deaths every day over the past two weeks. Faced with this new acceleration of the epidemic, many states and metropolises have reintroduced restrictions, fearing the worst as the Thanksgiving holiday approaches, on November 26, usually marked by large family reunions and many trips across. the country. The city hall of Chicago, the third largest city in the country, has called on its residents to stay at home, except for essential travel. New York State has imposed a curfew on bars and restaurants, and will close its schools as of Thursday. The positivity rate of the tests in the first American city reached 3%, the threshold from which the mayor had committed to take this measure with the teachers’ unions.
New York closes its schools
“We must fight against the second wave”, said Bill de Blasio, by referring all students to online education for an unspecified period. Yet the measure, which should soon be accompanied by other restrictions such as closing gyms and restaurants, is controversial. In schools themselves, the positivity rate does not exceed 0.19%. And many cite the European example, where many countries keep schools open for the welfare of children, despite a re-containment of the rest of the population. The city most bereaved by the first wave of the epidemic in the spring, New York has so far held up fairly well to the second, and the whole of New York State is among the least affected in the United States. Other states lament double-digit positivity rates, around 50% sometimes in the Midwest.
A study by the American Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), published at the end of October, estimated the excess mortality linked to the Covid-19 pandemic in the United States at 300,000 people, based on demographic models. Glimmer of hope: the announcement by the American companies Pfizer and Moderna of two very effective experimental vaccines against Covid-19, which, if they quickly received the green light from the United States Medicines Agency, could allow to proceed before the end of the year with the first vaccinations.