Myths and truths about the cold and winter illnesses

The countdown to the start of the austral winter ripped The station that generates mixed feelings in the population can bring the circulation of all kinds of viruses and bacteria that cause respiratory diseaseshow the flupneumonia, bronchiolitis. This is in addition to SARS Cov-2, the virus responsible for the Covid-19 pandemic.

“This is the time to demystify that the cold is not responsible of acquiring these infections. This is assured by the Foundation of the Center for Infectious Studies (Funcei) through a statement, where it was proposed to issue a series of recommendations to try to avoid respiratory diseases.

The appearance of the first cold weather means that all social or family gatherings begin to take place indoors. “For this reason, the appearance of influenza outbreaks, as well as bronchiolitis and pneumonia, is usually seen at school, although work environments or meetings are not exempt from this problem either,” indicates the Foundation, which adds: “The main factor is the concentration of people in small spaces, for a long time, with little ventilation and with overcrowded conditions that generate ideal scenarios for the spread of respiratory infections”.

In this way, Funcei recommends the ventilation of closed environments, even in periods of low temperatures.

“Hands are the main route of transmission of diseases, because contagion occurs through direct contact with contaminated surfaces and objects,” warns the Foundation for Infectious Studies, which highlights the importance of hand washing for the prevention of infection. flu.

And he emphasizes: “Frequently washing your hands with soap and water or with an alcohol-based product at home, at school and in the workplace helps reduce the chances of contagion.”

When is it important to sanitize your hands?

● Before and after handling garbage or waste

● Before and after eating, handling food and/or breastfeeding

● After touching public surfaces: counters, handrails, doorknobs, railings, among others

● After handling money, keys, animals, among others

● After going to the bathroom or changing diapers

Maintain adequate respiratory hygiene

According to Funcei, respiratory hygiene refers to “prevention measures to avoid the spread of secretions when coughing or sneezing.” “This is especially important when people have signs and symptoms of a respiratory infection,” they say, and recommend:

● Cover your nose and mouth with the inside of your elbow or use a tissue when coughing or sneezing

● Use the nearest trash can to dispose of used tissues

● Wash hands after coughing or sneezing

The main difference between cleaning and disinfection of environments and surfaces: cleaning is removing visible dirt, while disinfecting is when viruses and bacteria present in the environment and surfaces that we cannot see with the naked eye are eliminated. With this approach, Funcei points out that a “total cleanliness is only obtained when it is cleaned and disinfected.”

“For this, it is necessary to use a product that contains an active disinfectant that eliminates 99.9% of viruses and bacteria,” he continues, and establishes that the use of “Liquid bleach is an accessible product that, used correctly, eliminates 99.9% of germs”. “These hygiene and disinfection routines must be carried out daily and their frequency will depend on the traffic and the accumulation of people, in addition to complementing them with the ventilation of environments,” he maintains. .

“The low temperature season can put the immune system to the test, but by taking the appropriate personal hygiene measures and committing ourselves to intensifying cleaning and disinfection routines in the different areas in which we carry out our daily routines, contagion can be cut and prevented. transfer illnesses to the home and families”, he concludes.

Leave a Comment