Nicolás Maduro is responsible for crimes in Venezuela, according to the UN

“The Mission has found reasonable grounds to believe that the Venezuelan authorities and security forces have planned and executed serious violations of human rights since 2014. “The report released by the United Nations (UN) Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Venezuela indicates, in fact, the Government of Nicolás Maduro. The writing has come to light when Maduro tries give credibility to the legislative elections scheduled for December 6. The report highlights part of the actions, “including arbitrary executions and the systematic use of torture”, constitute “Crimes against humanity”.

The president of the mission, Marta Valiñas, made it known through a statement that the State authorities, “both at the presidential and ministerial levels,” they exercised “power” and “supervision” on the civilian and military security forces, as well as “the agencies identified as the perpetrators of the documented violations and crimes.” The Mission has investigated on this occasion 223 cases, 48 of which were thoroughly examined in a comprehensive 443-page report. In addition, it studied 2,891 other cases to “corroborate the patterns of violations and crimes”, such as extrajudicial executions, forced disappearances, arbitrary detentions and torture.

However, this mission was unable to visit Venezuela, because “the Government did not respond to repeated requests” and travel restrictions in force due to the new coronavirus pandemic and conducted 274 remote interviews, the report explains.

The leader of the opposition and president of the National Assembly of Venezuela and self-proclaimed president of the country, Juan Guaidó, has described the report of the UN investigators as a “historic document.” “It tells of the drama that Venezuelans have gone through,” he said.

The precedents

The conclusions are known a few days after the Miraflores Palace pardon more than a hundred opponents detained for political reasons, in the framework of attempts to create better conditions for holding parliamentary elections. The tone of the UN Mission report has not surprised those familiar with the Venezuelan reality. In fact, last July, its High Commissioner for Human Rights, Chilean Michelle Bachelet, had made severe remarks. The former president had also spoken about “arbitrary arrests, violations of due process guarantees “and cases of” torture and forced disappearances. “

The official position

A few hours before the Mission’s pronouncement was known, the representative of Venezuela to the Human Rights Council of the United Nations (UN), Jorge Valero, had ratified his country’s commitment to strengthening rights humans. He had also expressed the will to continue with the technical assistance of the Office of the High Commissioner in Caracas. In turn, Valero had again denounced the sanctions of the Trump administration and its effects on the economy and the population.

“Venezuela is a sovereign country that is advancing towards social justice, along the path of peace and reiterates its full will to continue strengthening ties of cooperation and technical assistance with the Office of the High Commissioner,” he said.

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