No truce: new Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Ebola virus disease (EVE) is a serious pathology, often fatal in humans. The virus was first detected in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks. occurred in Nzara (today South Sudan) and Yambuku (Democratic Republic of the Congo). The village where the second of these occurred is located near the Ebola River, which gives the virus its name.

And precisely today, the Minister of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Eteni Longondo, has announced a new Ebola outbreak in the northwest of the country other than the one that has not yet been terminated in the east and that started in August 2018.

As explained in a press conference, Suspicious cases have been registered in the city of Mbandaka, capital of Ecuador -province that was already affected by an Ebola epidemic between May and July 2018, with a balance of 54 cases, 33 fatal- and the samples have already been sent to the National Institute of Biomedical Research (INRB), where the result has been positive.

“I can confirm that we have a new Ebola epidemic in Mbandaka“The minister has indicated, according to the portal 7sur7. Longondo has announced that he plans to travel to the city” to offer technical support to the response team. “

DRC still has outbreak in North Kivu, where just two days before the end of the epidemic was declared last April, a case was registered again. However, the last patient has already recovered, so the 42-day countdown has already started to end the outbreak.

WHO shows concern

For his part, the Dr. Thedros Adhanom Ghebreyseus, Director-General of the World Health Organization, has expressed his concern through his Twitter account. “A new Ebola outbreak has been detected near Mbandaka, Équateur province (DRC). The Ministry of Health has identified 6 cases with 4 deaths. The country is also in the final stages of fighting Ebola in the east of the country, against the pandemic caused by COVID-19 and the world’s largest measles outbreak. This outbreak is a reminder that COVID-19 is not the only health threat.“He assured.

Data and numbers

  • Ebola virus disease (EVE), formerly called Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a serious illness, often fatal in humans.
  • The virus is transmitted to humans by wild animals and is spread in human populations by transmission from person to person.
  • Outbreaks of Ebola virus (EVE) disease have a case fatality rate which is about 50%. In previous outbreaks, rates ranged from 25% to 90%.
  • Community involvement is critical to the success of the outbreak control. Good outbreak control depends on the application of different interventions, such as case care, infection control and prevention practices, case surveillance and tracking, safe burials, or social mobilization .
  • The treatment supportive therapy with rehydration and symptomatic treatment improve survival. There is as yet no approved treatment that neutralizes the virus in a proven way, but various forms of hemotherapy, immunotherapy and pharmacotherapy are under development.
  • A experimental vaccineCalled rVSV-ZEBOV, it has been shown to provide great protection against this deadly virus in a large-scale clinical trial (11,841 subjects) conducted in Guinea in 2015. Among the 5,837 subjects who received the vaccine, there were no cases of Ebola 10 or more. days after vaccination, while in those who did not receive the vaccine there were 23 cases.
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