Munich. The 2019 reform of midi jobs has more than doubled the number of people employed in this area. According to the Ministry of Labor, the number of midi jobbers in December 2020 was a good 2.98 million, as can be seen from the response of the federal government to a small question from the left in the Bundestag, about which the »Süddeutsche Zeitung« reported. Before the reform, there were 1.22 million midi jobbers.
Federal Labor Minister Hubertus Heil (SPD) had not only raised the earnings limit for midi jobs to 1,300 euros on July 1, 2019, but also ensured that the reduced pension contributions of the employees no longer lead to lower pensions.
“It is clear and trivial that there will be more midi jobbers when the earnings limit goes up from 850 to 1300 euros,” said Enzo Weber, economist at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) of the newspaper. But the reform also changed the incentives: There are better incentives to increase working hours from mini jobs, but also the false incentive to reduce working hours from above.
According to the ministry, three quarters of midi jobbers are women. The consequence of Heil’s reform is “that underpaid part-time work is solidified, especially among women,” said Left parliamentary group deputy Susanne Ferschl the newspaper and called the regulation “a subsidization of poorly paid work.”
According to the ministry, every fifth midi jobber works below his qualification level, 68 percent work for a low wage. For an 875-euro midi job, the social security funds lost 22.56 euros in contributions per month. AFP / nd