At the city of the COP26 scheduled for November 31 to 12 in Glasgow, UK, the United Nations has just published a language guide to help understand some of the key words that will be widely used during the climate high mass.
This is the 26th Conference of the Parties (or COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which was established following the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio in 1992 (often called the “Earth Summit”).
The stated goal of the UNFCCC was to reduce greenhouse gases in order to prevent dangerous climate change caused by human activity.
The conferences of the parties to the convention, or COP, are the official meetings that have taken place every year since 1995, with the exception of 2020: the Covid-19 pandemic has delayed COP26 by one year.
There are 17 interlinked Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which address challenges ranging from access to clean energy to poverty reduction and responsible consumption.
Together, the SDGs constitute the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the UN plan for peace and prosperity for people and the planet.
Climate change is one of the goals (SDG 13).
This is the nationally determined contribution, the detailed plan that each country is required to establish, as part of the Paris Agreement, to show how it intends to reduce the amount of harmful greenhouse gases that ‘he emits. All countries are expected to revise their NDCs to show greater ambition.
“Net zero” means reducing emissions as close to zero as possible, for example by moving towards a green economy and clean renewables, with any remaining emissions being reabsorbed, especially in oceans and forests.
“The goal of 1.5 degrees Celsius. In 2018, an IPCC report, reviewed by thousands of scientists and governments, concluded that limiting global temperature rise to a maximum of 1.5 ° C above pre-industrial levels would help avoid worst climate impacts and maintain a livable climate.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body responsible for assessing scientific evidence on climate change.
Developing Island States are a distinct group of 58 low-lying island nations that are highly vulnerable and often affected by extreme weather events and climate change, including increased severity of cyclones, storm surges, heavy rains, droughts, sea level rise and ocean acidification.
Climate finance is about the money that must be spent on a range of activities aimed at reducing the emissions that cause climate change and helping people adapt and build resilience to the impacts of change. climate change that are already happening.
This is the Science Based Target initiative, supported by the United Nations. Companies that join this initiative set science-based emission reduction targets, making them better equipped to tackle climate change and making them more competitive in the transition to a clean economy. zero.
Nature-based solutions are actions aimed at protecting, sustainably managing and restoring natural and modified ecosystems that make it possible to meet societal challenges in an efficient and adaptive manner, while ensuring human well-being and the biodiversity.
The Group of 20 (G20) is an intergovernmental forum comprising most of the world’s largest economies: 19 nations and the European Union.
The African Group of Negotiators on Climate Change (GAN) was created at COP1 in Berlin in 1995. It is an alliance of African member states that represents the interests of the region in international negotiations on the climate change. climate change, with a common and unified voice.
The Global Climate Action Program (GCAA), launched under the Lima Action Program, aims to stimulate rapid climate action, strengthen cooperation between governments, local authorities, business, investors and civil society, and to support the adoption and implementation of the Paris Agreement.