The main symptoms cancer of the lung are cough, shortness of breath, and hoarseness. This was announced on Thursday, November 25, by Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences Mikhail Davydov.
“Hoarseness for no reason is the most common symptom of lung cancer. It appears due to the growth of a cancerous tumor into the recurrent laryngeal nerve. But this symptom appears even when the disease is seriously neglected. In the earlier stages, the symptom may be cough and occasional shortness of breath. Not everyone pays attention to them, especially now, during a pandemic. COVID-19“, – quotes Davydov”Gazeta.Ru».
According to the doctor, more than 1.5 million people die from lung cancer every year.
“This is one of the most insidious diseases, which in 90% of cases manifests itself in the late stages. Most often, lung cancer occurs in elderly patients over 55 years old, ”the physician noted.
The main risk factors for this disease are smoking, work in which a person is exposed to substances such as asbestos, beryllium, uranium or radon, chronic inflammatory diseases of the lungs and genetics, that is, the presence of malignant neoplasms in the lungs, bronchi and trachea in relatives, added Davydov.
“It is better to do a CT scan of the lungs in order to exclude a dangerous pathology, especially for those who had covid disease and did not undergo this examination. In general, CT of the lungs is recommended to be done once a year for people over 55 years old, regardless of the presence or absence of symptoms, ”the doctor concluded.
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