Presidential election in Burkina Faso: one favorite, two challengers

► A catastrophic security record for the outgoing Roch Marc Christian Kaboré

He is the big favorite of this election. Elected in 2015, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, 63 years old, is represented in front of the Burkinabe voters, Sunday November 22, with good chances of being reelected. Its community base (from the majority Mossi people), and its consensual way of governing ensure it a comfortable advance over its other adversaries.

→ THE FACTS A peaceful presidential campaign in Burkina Faso

Economically, he can highlight some major achievements such as the Zagtouli solar power plant, inaugurated in 2017, and the Ouagadougou road interchange. We also owe the construction of 7,500 boreholes to facilitate the population’s access to water. And free maternal and child care.

On the security level, its record is catastrophic: more than a fifth of the territory is now beyond the control of Ouagadougou. Jihadist groups continue to expand their area of ​​influence in the country. The armed forces are not only unable to contain this contagion, but they are also regularly accused, along with the self-defense militias, of committing abuses against the populations they are supposed to protect. In the first place against the Fulani, accused or suspected of being the accomplices of the jihadists.

→ READ. Burkina Faso sinks into insecurity

If this security record is pocketed by his opponents, “It is also used by the outgoing president to explain the obstacles he encountered in enforcing all his policies. And it seems that this argument pays off ”, observes journalist Édouard Samboe, from Faso.net.

► Zéphirin Diabré, the opponent of 2015

Facing him, his opponent from 2015, Zéphirin Diabré. Several times ministers under Blaise Compaoré, former Africa director of the French nuclear group Areva and former deputy director general of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Zéphirin Diabaré is now 61 years old. A candidate for the Union for Progress and Change (UPC), he campaigned above all by attacking the government’s strategy in the face of the jihadist threat.

Zéphirin Diabré is in favor of a more diplomatic method. To his eyes, “The question of knowing if this fight against terrorism can be won only on the military level” is a real point of disagreement with Roc Marc Christian Kaboré, he explained on RFI. “I observe, for example, what is happening in Afghanistan with the Taliban, he added. I see that the Americans and their army, which is the most powerful in the world, with all the means at their disposal, have not succeeded in eradicating the phenomenon in twenty to thirty years of fighting. They returned to discussions with the parties involved. So the option of identifying among those who attack us, women, and men with whom we can engage in dialogue, is an option that I do not rule out. “

Elected, he will appoint a government of national reconciliation “In which all the major components of our political life will be present”. However, his chances are limited insofar as he failed to unify the opposition during the five-year term of Roch Marc Christian Kaboré.

► Eddie Komboïgo, capitalize on the nostalgia of the Compaoré years

Another figure can disrupt the re-election of the outgoing president, Eddie Komboïgo, of the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP), the party of former President Blaise Compaoré. Excluded from the 2015 election, the CDP is making a comeback in the Burkinabé political game. His herald, Eddie Komboïgo, is 56 years old and at the head of a fortune deemed colossal.

He was able to capitalize on the nostalgia that part of the electoral body may feel for the Compaoré years: Burkina Faso was then a stable country spared by jihadist groups. Eddie Komboïgo wants to embody national reconciliation and has clearly expressed himself in favor of the return of all political exiles, in the first place, of his mentor, Blaise Compaoré.

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