The footsteps of the military echo in the capital, a sign that Sudan risks being plunged into chaos again. The Sudanese army on Monday arrested civilian leaders, including Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok, for refusing to support a “coup”, the Information Ministry said after weeks of military tensions and civilians who have shared power since 2019. Three people were killed and 80 injured by gunfire in Khartoum. Less than a month after the failed coup attempt, the country is once again facing uncertainty.
- Prime Minister and other political leaders detained
Armed forces are detaining Sudanese Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok on Monday, arrested after refusing to support a “coup”, the information ministry reported. “After refusing to support the forcible seizure of power, the armed forces arrested Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok and took him to an unidentified location,” the ministry added in a statement.
Other civilian leaders of the Transition Council were arrested at their homes before dawn in Sudan, said the Ministry of Information in a statement posted on Facebook. “Civilian members of the Sovereignty Council” which oversees the transition. and most of the ministers (…) were taken to an unknown destination “, adds the text.
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- A general dissolves the transitional authorities and declares a state of emergency
General Abdel Fattah al-Burhane, head of the transitional authorities in Sudan, announced on Monday to dissolve the government and the Sovereignty Council and declared a state of emergency throughout the country, one of the most poor in the world. But the general reiterated his attachment to “the transition to a civil state” and promised to create the many state institutions, such as the Supreme Court, which should have been created several months ago, according to the transition schedule recorded after the overthrow of the autocrat Omar al-Bashir in 2019. General Abdel Fattah al-Burhane also announced on Monday that he would form a new government made up of “competent people”. He further claimed that he remained bound by international agreements signed by his country, one of the four Arab states that recently decided to recognize Israel.
- Communication channels cut
Soldiers stormed the headquarters of Sudanese state radio and television in Omdurman, Khartoum’s twin city only separated by a bridge over the Nile, the Information Ministry said on Monday. of State “. “Employees are being retained,” adds the ministry, while state television is currently broadcasting a long concert of traditional music. In addition, the Internet has been cut in the country. Only one communication channel remains: press releases from the Ministry of Information on Facebook.
- Army shoots protesters, three dead
After the arrests of political leaders, demonstrators gathered on Monday in the streets of Khartoum to protest the arrests. The Association of Professionals, one of the spearheads of the revolt that in 2019 ended 30 years of dictatorship of President Omar al-Bashir, called on the Sudanese to “disobey” in the face of a “coup d ” State”. This coordination launched its appeal on Twitter despite the fact that the Internet is cut across the country.
The Sudanese Information Ministry announced on Monday that the armed forces were firing at demonstrators “refusing the military coup” in Khartoum. The army fired “live ammunition” at protesters outside army headquarters in central Khartoum, access to which has been blocked by concrete blocks and soldiers for several days, the ministry added. on Facebook. “three demonstrators” supporters of a civil power were killed and “more than 80 others wounded” by gunfire, announced a union of pro-democracy doctors.
- A country divided between pro-army and pro-civilians
Since the fall of dictator Omar al-Bashir in 2019, civilians and soldiers have been trying to jointly lead a difficult transition, but have experienced tensions. The country struggles to speak with one voice. On Thursday, tens of thousands of Sudanese marched in several cities, including Khartoum, to demand a transfer of power to civilians, while a sit-in for six days demanded “a military government” to get the country out of the doldrums. Less than a month after yet another coup attempt, supporters of military power put pressure on the government of Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok, further weakening the transition.
Two camps are therefore opposed: among the pro-civilians, the protesters demanded the departure of General Abdel Fattah al-Burhane, at the head of the Sovereignty Council, a military-civilian body that oversees the transition with the civilian government. On the pro-army side, the demonstrators held up portraits of Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok, a former UN economist, crossed out with a red cross. On both sides, leaders had urged their supporters to respect the other side while foreign officials warned of an escalation in the country, already shaken on September 21 by an attempted coup. For the activists of the “revolution” of 2019, it was a question of showing, with these demonstrations, that they can still hold the street.
- The international community worries
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres on Monday condemned “the ongoing military coup” and called for the “immediate” release of Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok. “We must ensure full respect for the constitutional charter to protect the political transition obtained with a hard fight,” he said on Twitter.
The United States has said it is “deeply concerned” by reports of arrests of civilian leaders in Sudan by military forces. These announcements of a seizure of power by the military go “against the constitutional declaration (which governs the transition in the country) and the democratic aspirations of the Sudanese people”, tweeted the American envoy for the Horn of the Sudan. ‘Africa, Jeffrey Feltman.
The Americans also warned that “any change in the transitional government endangers American aid”. For his part, the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, called on the international community “to put the Sudanese transition back on track”, while Germany, too, condemned the attempted coup, which must “cease immediately”. The Arab League said it was “concerned” on Monday by “developments” in Sudan.
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For its part, the European Commission called on Monday for the “rapid release” of the civilian leaders of the government of Sudan, including the Prime Minister, arrested by the security forces, and called for an “urgent” restoration of communications in the country. “We demand the speedy release” of the arrested leaders, “and we urgently call for the means of communication not to be hampered to allow those in need to be reached,” said Nabila Massrali, a spokesperson for the European executive, adding that “all violence and bloodshed should be avoided at all costs”.
L’Express think tank
L’Express think tank