British legislator Sajid Javid, Chancellor of the Exchequer, is walking down Downing Street in London on Thursday 13 February 2020. Prime Minister Boris Johnson shook his government on Thursday and dismissed and appointed ministers for key cabinet positions. Johnson wanted to get a closer grip on the government after winning a large parliamentary majority in the December elections. This victory allowed Johnson to take Britain out of the European Union in January. (AP Photo / Matt Dunham)
Home Secretary Priti Patel leaves 10 Downing Street, London as Prime Minister Boris Johnson shuffles his cabinet. (Photo by Stefan Rousseau / PA Images via Getty Images)
Prime Minister Boris Johnson arrives on Downing Street in London on February 13, 2020. REUTERS / Hannah McKay
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Home Secretary Priti Patel and Chancellor of the Exchequer Sajid Javid take part in the weekly Question Time in Parliament in London, Britain, on February 12, 2020 BY A THIRD PARTY.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during the Prime Minister’s questions at the House of Commons in London. (Photo by House of Commons / PA Images via Getty Images)
British lawmaker Rishi Sunak and the Chancellor of the Exchequer leave 10 Downing Street, where he received the order from British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, former Chancellor Sajid Javid, to resign from London on Thursday 13 February 2020. Minister Boris Johnson has his government on Thursday startled and Minister for important cabinet posts dismissed and appointed. Johnson wanted to get a closer grip on the government after winning a large parliamentary majority in the December elections. This victory allowed Johnson to take Britain out of the European Union in January. (AP Photo / Matt Dunham)
Prime Minister Boris Johnson will arrive at 10 Downing Street in London on Thursday 13 February 2020. Prime Minister Boris Johnson shook his government on Thursday and dismissed and appointed ministers for key cabinet positions. Johnson wanted to get a closer grip on the government after winning a large parliamentary majority in the December elections. This victory allowed Johnson to take Britain out of the European Union in January. (AP Photo / Matt Dunham)
Prime Minister Boris Johnson will arrive at 10 Downing Street in central London on February 13, 2020. – The UK Prime Minister was due to renew his top team on 13 February when he reshuffled the UK since the UK left the European Union. (Photo by Isabel Infantes / AFP) (Photo by ISABEL INFANTES / AFP via Getty Images)
Prime Minister Boris Johnson takes part in the weekly debate on Parliamentary Question Time in London, Britain, on February 12, 2020. © British Parliament / Jessica Taylor / Handout on REUTERS THIS PICTURE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during the weekly debate on Parliament Question Time in London, Britain, on February 12, 2020. © British Parliament / Jessica Taylor / Handout on REUTERS THIS PICTURE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY.
LONDON, February 13 (Reuters). British Finance Minister Sajid Javid resigned Thursday. This was a surprising move that underlined Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s desire to get the government under control by throwing away a minister who refused to adhere to the line.
Johnson, who wanted to minimize any reshuffle from the cabinet reshuffle, quickly appointed Javid’s deputy Rishi Sunak, a loyal Prime Minister supporter who was often put on camera to sell government policies.
Johnson’s team had carefully choreographed the reshuffle and presented it as an opportunity to promote new talent, especially among women, and to reward loyal supporters for realizing his vision for Britain beyond Brexit.
But the finance minister’s resignation – which some commentators said could have been sought by Johnson’s team – due to a dispute over Javid’s adviser added to the picture that the prime minister will not tolerate dissent in his government.
“He refused the job of Chancellor of the Exchequer (finance minister),” said a source near Javid.
The source said Johnson told Javid he should fire his advisers and replace them with advisers from the Prime Minister’s Downing Street office. “The Chancellor said no self-respecting minister would accept these conditions.”
Johnson was not expected to change the hardest hit positions in his government, but most saw even the smallest changes in order as a sign that he wanted to step up his power.
His dismissal of Northern Irish Minister Julian Smith, who had helped mediate the restoration of government in the UK province just a month ago, has sparked criticism from politicians north and south of the Irish border.
Related Slideshow: Boris Johnson – Career in Pictures (provided by Photo Services)
Born on June 19, 1964, Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson is the eldest son of Stanley Johnson, a British politician who was a conservative MEP for Wight & Hampshire East from 1979 to 1984.
Boris was taught at Eton College, where he received a scholarship, and later at Balliol College in Oxford. During his time in Oxford, he was friends with David Cameron, who became British Prime Minister from 2010 to 2016. He was also President of the Oxford Union – a position previously held by former Prime Minister Edward Heath (1916-2005) and former conservative leader William Hague.
Johnson started his career as a journalist. After a short period as a management consultant, he worked as a reporter for The Times in 1987 before being released for making an offer. He then worked as a correspondent for The Daily Telegraph, where he worked for the European Community from 1989-94 before becoming an editorial assistant in 1994.
Johnson remarked about his time at The Telegraph; “Everything I wrote from Brussels had this amazing, explosive effect on the Tory Party, and it really gave me, I suppose, a pretty strange feeling of power.”
In 1994 he became a political columnist at The Spectator and in 1999 editor of the magazine, a role that he held until 2005.
In 1997 he was elected conservative candidate for Clwyd South in the House of Commons. However, he lost to Martyn Jones of the Labor Party. A few years later, Johnson again stood for parliament and was elected in 2001 to the conservative seat of Henley-on-Thames to replace Michael Heseltine. Around this time Boris appeared on several television shows from 1998, including in the BBC program “Have I Got News For You” (1990-).
Although Johnson was involved in various scandals at the time, including the publication of an insensitive editorial about the city of Liverspool in The Spectator in 2003 and an alleged affair with a journalist, he was re-elected to Parliament in 2005.
Even after he was released from his post as Shadow Minister of the Arts due to his alleged extramarital trade, he became the Shadow Minister for Higher Education in 2005 after David Cameron was elected Chairman of the Conservative Party.
Johnson became mayor of London in 2008 after being elected two-time incumbent Ken Livingstone. As such, he resigned as a Member of Parliament and held the post of Mayor of London until 2016.
As mayor, Johnson presided over the 2012 Olympics, which boosted the economy significantly. According to a report by the UK’s Trade and Investment Department, the hosting of the Olympic Games led to a £ 9.9 billion ($ 12.3 billion) increase in trade and investment.
During his eight-year term, homicide rates in London fell from 22 to 12 million people, according to the National Statistics Office.
He also helped launch the Routemaster London bus and launched a public bike rental system in July 2010, which has since been popularly known as “Boris Bikes”.
(Pictured) Johnson with Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) in London, England on March 31, 2011.
Around this time, his popularity increased significantly, with a survey in June 2014 placing him 13 popularity points over Cameron.
In August of the same year, he announced that he would stand in the upcoming parliamentary elections.
A year before his term as mayor ended in 2016, Johnson won seats in Uxbridge and South Ruislip and returned to parliament in 2015. The election heralded the Conservative Party’s first victory with a clear majority since the 1990s.
In early 2016, when the UK was facing a polarizing debate on leaving the European Union, Johnson pointed out that he was on the leave side of the discussion. “If we don’t get the reform we need, Britain has a great, great future elsewhere and outside of it in a different way.”
On February 21, 2016, he officially announced that he would campaign for a UK exit from the EU. “I’m going to vote for a vote out – or whatever the team is called, I understand there are many of them – because I want a better deal for the people of this country to save them money and take control , That’s really what it is about, “he said.
Johnson said that Cameron’s (R) warnings to leave the EU were “scaremongering” and “wildly exaggerated.” He also flaked for making racially insensitive comments to the then President of the United States, Barack Obama, when Obama said he thought Britain should stay in the EU.
He later also said that the European Union uses various dictator-inspired methods to create a superstate. “Napoleon, Hitler, different people tried it and it ends tragically. The EU is an attempt to do this in different ways, ”he criticized violently, inviting controversy.
When Britain voted to leave the EU on June 24, 2016 and Cameron announced his resignation, there was speculation that Johnson could be the next prime minister. After Michael Gove announced his candidacy, Johnson said that he would not run. Gove soon left the race anyway.
After Theresa May was appointed Prime Minister on July 13, 2016, Johnson was hired as the new Secretary of State. This has been widely criticized in view of Johnson’s numerous controversies and statements about foreign leaders during the referendum campaign.
However, he resigned from May’s cabinet in July 2018 because he disagreed with how she conducted the Brexit negotiations. Later that year, he publicly condemned her by saying that the deal she was working on was “far worse” than staying in the EU.
After resigning as Foreign Minister, he returned to Parliament and resumed his role as a columnist for the Daily Telegraph. The following month, the Advisory Committee on Corporate Appointments said that this violated the Ministerial Code, as Johnson had to wait three months before starting a new job after he quit.
During this time at the Telegraph, Johnson got into trouble with anti-Islamic statements that were later written off as “provocative” but “respectful and tolerant” and entitled to use “satire” as an argument.
Not afraid of potentially controversial statements, he said in March 2019 that millions of police money would be wasted on child sexual abuse allegations. Though heavily condemned, Johnson remained a speculator favorite that he would replace Theresa May as prime minister.
On May 16, 2019, he confirmed that he should run for leadership of the Conservative Party. US President Donald Trump appeared to support Johnson by declaring that he was an “excellent” choice for the role.
On June 12, 2019, Johnson launched his campaign to lead the Tory party, making it clear that he did not want a Brexit without an agreement. After two missed deadlines and three years, the UK must finally leave the EU by the extended deadline of October 31, 2019.
According to a party member poll released on June 13, 2019, Johnson was hailed as the frontrunner in the race for the next prime minister. After several other leadership candidates were chosen from the race, Johnson competed exclusively against Secretary of State Jeremy Hunt, whose winner was announced in late July 2019.
On July 23, it was announced that Johnson had defeated rival Jeremy Hunt to become the Conservative Party leader and the next prime minister of the United Kingdom. He said his priorities were “to push Brexit and unite the country.”
On December 13, the Conservative Party secured a parliamentary majority of 80 seats by defeating the Labor Party by 365 to 203 seats in the 2019 UK general election. Johnson continued his position as prime minister. “This choice means that Brexit is now the irrefutable, irresistible and undeniable decision of the British people … and we will complete Brexit on time by January 31st – no if, no but, no if.”
(Image) Johnson and his partner Carrie Symonds arrive at 10 Downing Street after the election results have been announced.
Smith, who was responsible for parliamentary discipline for Johnson’s predecessor Theresa May, was the first minister to lose his job in the reshuffle. Minister of Economics Andrea Leadsom and Environment Minister Theresa Villiers joined him.
Ultra-loyal Alok Sharma, a former Minister for International Development, has been appointed new Minister of Economy and Head of the COP26 climate summit when the world’s leaders will travel to Scotland in November.
But it was Javid’s move that shook the “business as usual” look Johnson wanted to portray.
Johnson’s aides had previously downplayed suggestions based on Johnson’s senior advisor Dominic Cummings’ well-known desire for a radical government restructuring that there would be major changes.
Late last night, a source in his office said the prime minister wanted the “reshuffle to lay the foundations for the government now and in the future” and promote new talent, especially women.
It was clear that loyalty was important for Johnson to keep his agenda and keep the promises he made in the run-up to the December 12 elections, in which he won a large majority.
But opposition politicians said the reshuffle was a mess.
“This is a historic record. A government in chaos within weeks of an election,” said John McDonnell, spokesman for the opposition’s main Labor Party.
“It is clear that Dominic Cummings won the battle for absolute control over the Treasury and used his henchman as chancellor.” (Additional reporting by William James; editing by Gareth Jones and Stephen Addison)