The ecological transition is poised to permanently change professions in many sectors. If the “green jobs” – which act directly to preserve the environment – are expected to remain few in number (0.5% of jobs in 2018), many jobs will go green. To support this change, and structure certain sectors, professional training must follow. We still need to know which professions are driving the ecological transition.
The Shift Project, a think tank specializing in energy transition, anticipates 1.1 million job creations and 800,000 job losses by 2050. As part of its mission to forecast professions and qualifications, France Stratégie highlighted the growing sectors between now and 2030, with several scenarios: 180,000 to 250,000 new jobs are expected in the construction sector.
“Energy renovation is the sector which should create the most jobs in the ecological transition. The industry is relatively stable, with carbon-based industries which will lose jobs, and the manufacturing of inputs for construction (wood, metal products), for example, which will gain., describes Cécile Jolly, “Professions in 2030” project manager at France Stratégie. She also cites good forecasts for agricultural employment and business services (engineering, architecture). Even without knowing what public policies will be put in place, we can assure that all professions will be affected, with new forms of work organization to produce fewer emissions. »
An emergency in the training of new professions
Managerial professions are not left out: if professions with an environmental purpose represent only 1% of managerial employment today, the Association for the Employment of Executives (APEC) specifies in a study published in September 2023 that the number of executive job offers increased by 48% between 2019 and 2022 in these professions (CSR managers, biodiversity project managers, etc.), particularly in energy.
But only 13% of recruiters anticipate that the greening of companies will have an impact on skills needs. “However, if an accountant is not able to integrate carbon or water data into the evaluation of performance, he will not be able to continue his professiongives the example of Caroline Renoux, founder of Birdeo, an HR and CSR recruitment firm. Today, there is a shortage of qualified executives in these new subjects. »
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