With a copy of the Operations Plan that the Seventh Regional Police Lima conceived to reject the protests against the Manuel Merino regime, on Saturday, November 14, the Republic is in a position to confirm that the troops of the National Police they received authorization from their superiors to use their firearms at their discretion against the protesters.
This provision had a lethal effect especially in the so-called Sector 5 by the police itself, the intersection of Nicolás de Piérola (La Colmena) and Abancay avenues, because in that area that day the number of troops was increased from 100 to 400 men, which resulted in an increase of up to 4 times the fire capacity. Now it is explained why students Inti Sotelo and Bryan Pintado were killed in Sector 5, and more than 50 protesters were seriously injured (out of a total of 66 registered so far).
On page 38 of the Operations Plan -document that describes which police units participated in the repression of November 14, the number of troops that were employed, the location of the emplacement points in the Historic Center and identifies both the members of the Operational Command as well as the officers responsible for the 8 sectors in which the conflict area was divided, it is clearly indicated that the policemen had the green light to use their weapons if they considered so.
However, the document stresses that they first needed the go-ahead from their immediate superior. This information is key to determining the perpetrators of the shots that ended the life of Inti Sotelo and Bryan Pintado, and who were the officials who gave the authorization.
“Proceed in strictly necessary cases to the rational use of the police’s means (law stick, jets of water, tear gas, chemical agents and firearms) prior order of the chief or operational command, and after having exhausted the means of persuasion , avoiding falling into provocations by the protesters and applying restrictive measures in the area of action, only in the case of flagrante delicto, ”the document states.
As an investigation by La República has proven, a total of 27 policemen were injured during the protests, in no case by firearms. The only ones who had teargas canisters and pellet guns were the police. Therefore, the confrontation was completely unequal. The police contingent had the enormous advantage of carrying firearms, and in addition, they were given the freedom to shoot if they saw fit, which they actually did. For what reason? Evict the protesters and silence the protests against the de facto regime. This is why the Public Ministry decided to open an investigation into the de facto ex-president Manuel Merino, former Prime Minister Ántero Flores-Aráoz and former Minister of the Interior General PNP (r) Gastón Rodríguez Limo.
The Republic also revealed the hand chain during the events of Saturday, November 14, and with the new document obtained, it confirms who were those who were on the troops who carried out orders that unfortunate day in which they killed Inti Sotelo and Jack Pintado.
According to the Operations Plan of the Seventh Lima Police Region, the general command was in charge of the head of said unit, General PNP Jorge Cayas Medina, and the head of the Special Services Unit (USE), Colonel PNP Carlos Villafuerte Salas, who acted as Chief Operating Officer. At that time, Cayas and Villafuerte depended directly on the PNP’s deputy general commander, Lieutenant General Jorge Lam Almonte, and Gastón Rodríguez, Ántero Flores-Aráoz and Manuel Merino.
According to the aforementioned document, General Jorge Cayas – who is the one who puts his signature and official seal, together with the head of the Planning Office of the Lima Police Region, Colonel PNP Luis Zevallos Saavedra- provided an assessment of the situation as part of the Operations Plan. That is, a survey of the area of operations to detect vulnerable and risk points, installing the police services and logistical means in a timely manner and in sufficient quantity to fully comply with the mission entrusted by the police command.
It also took into account an intelligence assessment with the aim of detecting infiltration by common criminals and terrorist groups during the massive mobilization on Saturday, November 14.
According to the Operations Plan, the chiefs of the Police Divisions (DIVPOL) of Center 1 and Center 2 participated in the events. The chiefs of the West DIVPOL were also summoned; DIVPOL Sur 1, 2 and 3; DIVPOL North 1, 2 and 3; DIVPOL East 1 and 2; DIVPOL Chosica; DIVPOL Cañete; DIVPOL Huacho; DIVPOL Huaral and DIVPOL Barranca (see separate note).
The Operations Plan also indicates that for November 14, action zone A was defined as the area between Plaza San Martín, Avenida Nicolás de Piérola (La Colmena) up to the intersection with Avenida Abancay. The document indicates that the person in charge was the head of the Directorate of Special Operations (DIROPESP), Colonel Percy Tenorio Gamonal.
As already indicated in a previous publication of this newspaper, specifically the intersection of La Colmena with Abancay -sector 5-, was in charge of PNP commander Luis Castañeda Urbina. In this way, the chain of command of Saturday, November 14 is completed: Commander Castañeda depended on PNP Colonel Carlos Villafuerte, this on the former head of the Seventh Lima Region, General Jorge Cayas, and this on the former PNP Subcommander General Lieutenant General Jorge Cayas. Following, former minister Gastón Rodríguez, former president Flores-Aráoz and former de facto president Manuel Merino. Lam, Cayas and Villafuerte did not respond to calls from this newspaper.
It should be noted that the Plan of Operations against the protest marches was designed by the Seventh Lima Police Region during the de facto Merino regime, on Thursday, November 12. It was an express request of the Executive.
PNP colonels operational on Saturday 11/14
- Crl. Roger Pérez Figueroa, head of the Police Division Center 1.
- Crl. Óscar Castillo Mendivil, head of the Police Division Center 2.
- Crl. César Prudencio Pua, chief of the West Police Division.
- Crl. Jhony Rolando Valderrama, Chief, South Police Division 1
- Crl. Juan Gárate de Araguren, head of the South Police Division 2.
- Crl. José Barboza Rojas, Chief of the Southern Police Division 3.
- Crl. Jorge Castillo Vargas, head of the North Police Division 1.
- Crl. Manuel Gálvez Romero, head of the North Police Division 2.
- Crl. Ghino Malaspina del Castillo, head of the North Police Division 3.
- Crl. Guilberto Castañeda Chávez, Chief of the Eastern Police Division 1.
- Crl. Iván Lizzetti Salazar, head of the East Police Division 2.
- Crl. Jorge Linarez Velásquez, Chief of the Chosica Police Division.
- Crl. Augusto Díaz Tiravanti, Cañete Police Division chief.
- Crl. Luis Pérez Renteria, Chief of the Huacho Police Division.
- Crl. César Castro Rodríguez, Chief of the Police Division.
The order to shoot
The Operations Plan was signed by the head of the Seventh Lima Police Region, PNP General Jorge Cayas Medina, who was present on November 14 at the place where Inti Sotelo and Bryan Pintado died.
The PNP’s “reserved” Plan of Operations to reject the protests on Saturday, November 14, clearly authorizes the use of weapons against the protesters, which explains the high number of wounded and the deaths of Inti Sotelo and Bryan Pintado.
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