Pyramid illustration. (pixabay / Nick115)
According to the results of this latest study, scientists claim that the Egyptian Pharaoh Seqenenre Taa II died while fighting. How to get to this conclusion?
In a new computed tomography (CT) study, the mummy revealed new facial wounds that ancient embalmers were trying to disguise.
The pharaoh’s mummy had large incisions on his forehead, wounds around his eyes and cheeks, and stab wounds at the base of the skull that may have reached the brain stem.
As the war progressed, this Egyptian leader appeared to be surrounded by the attackers.
“This shows that Seqenenre is really on the front lines with his army, risking his life to liberate Egypt,” said Sahar Saleem, professor of radiology at Cairo University, as quoted by Live Science, Thursday (18/2/2021).
Seqenenre Taa II was the ruler of southern Egypt between about 1558 BC and 1553 BC. Seqenenre Taa II was the father of two pharaohs, namely Kamose, his successor who was the last pharaoh of the seventeenth dynasty, and Ahmose I, who was the first pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty.
Seqenenre Taa II began a liberation war against the Hyksos, a herd of Asian shepherds who migrated to Egypt east of the Nile Delta.
According to historical reports, Seqenenre Taa II revolted against the invaders after receiving a complaint from the king of Hyksos that the sound of hippos in the sacred pool of Thebes disturbed his sleep.
On these fabricated accusations, the king of Hyksos demanded that the sacred pool be destroyed and that was a great insult to Seqenenre Taa II.
The humiliation may have been the beginning of war. Historical records write that Seqenenre Taa II’s son and his immediate successor, Kamose, died in the battle against the Hyksos.
No one knows what happened to the pharaoh, even after his mummy was found in 1886.
Archaeologists saw the skull wound and speculated that he had been killed in battle or perhaps killed in a palace coup.
The 19th-century archaeologists who found the mummy reported a foul smell when the coffin was opened, leading experts to suspect that the mummy was hastily embalmed on the battlefield.
The new study uses X-rays from multiple angles to construct a 3D image of the pharaoh’s mummy.
The pharaoh’s body was in poor condition, with bones chipped and the head detached from the rest of the body.
The wound on the pharaoh’s forehead was 7 centimeters long as a result of an ax or sword.
Another, potentially fatal wound found over the pharaoh’s right eye measuring 3.2 centimeters.
More wounds were found on the nose, right eye and right cheek that the ax handle or blunt stick may have scratched.
In addition, the experts also found a set of skull fractures covered with embalming material. The damage appeared to have been caused by a heavy dagger and blunt object.
Because the mummy’s hands were bent and clenched into fists, experts suspect Seqenenre Taa II’s hands were tied when he died. Although Seqenenre Taa II lost his life, his successors eventually won the war.
That is the result of a new study that found what caused the death of the Egyptian Pharaoh Seqenenre Taa II. (Voice.com/Siltya Utami Latitude).