Published on : 17/11/2020 – 22:50
Second part of our dive into the daily life of a South African family to better understand the economic challenges of the country. The Khoza, a black family with modest incomes, live in Johannesburg, in the township of Soweto. Several generations live together in small dwellings built on the same land and help each other to manage a budget made even more meager with the Covid-19 crisis.
With the gradual lifting of confinement, schools and universities across the country were able to reopen and the youngest of the Khoza family have resumed their studies. Even if parents have few means, education is for them a priority expense, to offer better chances to future generations.
Since the pandemic, Tebogo has been working in his room, sitting on his bed, a helmet screwed to his head. He answers questions from clients of a security company. It is not necessarily the job of his dreams, but with his level of education, he is satisfied with it. ” My highest qualification is post-baccalaureate training in marketing. Fortunately my family had put aside a bit for that. If there had been more money, I would have liked to have studied longer. But I’m already just happy to have a job today, because it’s a tough time. »He explains.
His cousin Siphiwe also had to give up his dream of studying tourism for lack of money. Tebogo hopes for his part that he can offer a better future to his 3-year-old son. ” I started saving for his studies, I set aside for him every month. I hope he has enough to be able to study whatever he wants! I want her life to be easier. »
Even if the younger generations dream bigger, Sarah, 70, sees how far her family has already come, she who had to drop out of school at a very young age when her mother died. ” I am very proud of the younger ones. They study and they accumulate skills. Even if they don’t go to the best schools, I think they get something out of it anyway. In the old days, we didn’t need diplomas, there was work and we could learn on the job. But today it’s difficult : just with the bac, it’s almost impossible to find work. I think it was easier in my time. »
The latest unemployment figures show that the Covid-19 crisis has mainly affected the least qualified jobs. Sarah’s daughter-in-law, Filipina, sent her children back to her parents in Pretoria, where they are educated in 5th and 1st year. But she is afraid that studies will soon no longer be a guarantee for finding a job. ” My parents help out and pay for expenses like transportation, so they can go to school. I can’t, I have nothing. I don’t know where that will take them, but the future looks pretty bleak. I have a sister who studied computer science and now she is at home. My parents invest in my children’s education, but I’m afraid they won’t find a job, even with a degree. »
According to the International Labor Organization, South Africa has one of the highest youth unemployment rates in the world.