In the next 24 years, greenhouse gas emissions from chimneys and thermal power stations must drop to almost zero. 21 million buildings need to be converted, new technologies introduced, pipeline networks and regulations reconsidered. “It’s a very heterogeneous, complex sector,” says Andreas Kuhlmann, CEO of Dena. “The challenges are vastly underestimated.”
So where do you start? Energy experts have come up with a number of proposals. Massive investments are required for all of them. And: there will be arguments. For example, about whether heat pumps or hydrogen should be in the boiler room – and who should pay for the heating transition in the end.