Written in Italy in the XIIIe century, the Stabat Mater is one of the most famous sequences of the Catholic liturgy. This long poem in Latin of sixty verses describes the suffering of the Virgin at the foot of the cross, where she sees her son die. From the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Renaissance, the composers put to music this moving text of pain and compassion: Josquin des Prés, Lassus, Palestrina … But it was in the Baroque era – which is also that of the Counter-Reformation – that the figure of the Virgin was an even more important object of devotion. When, Stabat Mater became a key figure in sacred music, and many composers joined it: Caldara, Charpentier, of course Vivaldi. The Scarlatti father and son also tried the exercise and it is that of the eldest, Alessandro, that will be heard this week, on the stage of the Theater des Champs-Elysees. Composed in 1724, it was an order of the Brotherhood of Knights of the Virgin of Sorrows,
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