A first Iranian oil tanker docked Tuesday, May 26, in the port of the El Palito refinery, near Puerto Cabello. This refinery, like most Venezuelan refineries, is “out of order”, to use the title of the anthropologist Paula Vasquez Lezama’s book on the crisis in the Latin American oil giant, A country out of service. In total, five tankers loaded with refined crude oil are expected in Venezuela in the coming days, or 1.5 million barrels. This represents three weeks of consumption today. In 2014, the country consumed more than 400,000 barrels of gasoline per day.
There are many rumors of the arrival of these tankers. They would also be responsible for spare parts to restart refineries, and even weapons. A member of the Maduro government has promised that “In 45 days, the Palito and Paraguana refineries will be back in service”. All petroleum specialists believe that refineries are