March of every year It’s the month that the world joins the campaign against danger. “Colon and rectum cancer” National Cancer Institute medical department Introduction Colon and rectal cancer is a common cancer in Thai people. Invite people to be aware of disease prevention.
Dr. Weerawut Imsamran, Deputy Director-General of the Department of Medical Services, said current colon and rectum cancer In Thailand, it is the 3rd most common in males and the 2nd in females. Based on statistics from the National Cancer Institute. What is worrying is that the incidence of the disease tends to continue to increase. Every day, an average of 15 patients die from this terrible disease per day, 5,476 per year, and there are 44 new patients per day, 15,939 per year.
However, colon and rectal cancer There are various causes of disease. But one of the important factors today is the diet. Especially red meat foods, including beef, processed pork. or cook over high heat for a long time, such as Grilling until charred and having it high, eating less fiber drinking alcohol smoking
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in addition “Colon and rectum cancer” It also occurs in people who are at risk from having a family history of colon and rectal cancer. People who have previously detected an adenoma of colon polyps or treatmentchronic inflammatory bowel disease
Dr. Hathaiwan Muangtad, a specialist in gastrointestinal and liver cancer surgery National Cancer Institute added that In general, colon and rectal cancer has a higher incidence among people aged 50 years and over. Therefore, screening for this type of cancer at an age Therefore, it can prevent or help detect cancer at an early stage
At present, screening by Fecal Immunochemical Test FTI is a convenient method. Easy and safe People aged 50-70 can pick up equipment and sample reagents at participating hospitals. to bring to collect the stool yourself at home Then sent to the staff for analysis. Results In case of abnormal results, the patient will be diagnosed. Followed by additional colonoscopy. In groups with abnormal symptoms such as variable excretory system such as constipation and diarrhea. Blood in the stool, loss of appetite, weight loss permanently pale You should seek advice from a doctor for further diagnosis.
treatmentcolon and rectum cancer Divide the treatment according to the stage of disease progression.
- Early patient group
Can be treated by gastrointestinal endoscopy with a single vertical cut of the tumor The patient has no surgical scars on the abdomen.
In more advanced cases, some cases can be treated by laparoscopic surgery. A small incision to cut the colon, rectum and nearby lymph nodes. Colonoscopy is performed, which is a safe and standard treatment.
Some patients can avoid having a bowel movement in the abdomen (artificial rectum) for good, including concomitant treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, preoperative or postoperative guidance. This increases the chances of curing the disease and reducing the recurrence rate.
However, even if the disease has progressed or spread Chemotherapy combined with targeted chemotherapy or immunotherapy slows the progression of the disease. Patients can have a good quality of life. at a certain level during that time
Taking care of the body to be immune tocancerA good diet can help keep you away from cancer. Start by eating 5 food groups, exercising regularly. Avoid processed red meat. Grill until charred, alcohol and smoking, control weight not to be fat. and make it more healthy It will help to keep away from both this terrible disease and other chronic non-communicable diseases. Able to study informationcancer More information from the National Cancer Institute at A website that promotes knowledge to fight cancer