The government has finalized its bill aimed at combating radical Islam and “Separatism” by supplementing it with provisions against online hatred, announced by Emmanuel Macron after the assassination of teacher Samuel Paty which recently shocked the country.
This text, which Agence France-Presse (AFP) became aware of on Tuesday, November 17, does not include the term of “Separatism” employed by the Head of State during his speech on October 2 at Mureaux (Yvelines), where he called for “Attacking Islamist separatism”. Nor that of “Secularism”. Soberly, it is called “Bill confirming republican principles”.
In a cross-interview with Figaro, posted Tuesday night, Seal Guard Eric Dupond-Moretti and Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin jointly defended the text, which is due to be considered by the cabinet on December 9th. It was forwarded to the presidents of the National Assembly and the Senate on Tuesday, Darmanin said.
Legal system strengthened, online hatred becomes a crime
As desired by the Head of State, the bill creates an offense repressing hatred online and specific sanctions for pressure exerted on state agents or elected officials. Prior to his assassination on October 16 by a young man of Chechen descent, Samuel Paty was harassed online for showing cartoons of Muhammad during a free speech class.
Mr. Dupond-Moretti greeted in the Figaro “Two major changes to the penal code”. He also confirmed the creation “At the Paris prosecutor’s office, a center of magistrates specially dedicated to the fight against online hatred”.
In the explanatory memorandum, the drafters of the law explain that “In the face of radical Islamism, in the face of all separatism, it is clear that our legal arsenal is in part powerless” and “The Republic does not have enough means to act against those who want to destabilize it”.
It’s about “To put an end to the powerlessness in the face of what abuses national cohesion and fraternity (…) and flouts the minimum requirements of life in society and to reinforce republican principles ”, they write.
A so-called “anti-putsch” provision against extremists
On another side, the text hears “Guarantee the transparency of the conditions of the exercise of worship” by modifying the law of 1905 of separation of the Churches and the State as regards the financing of the religious associations for more transparency. Foreign donations exceeding 10,000 euros will thus be subject to a declaration of resources.
A so-called provision «Anti-coup» is also planned to prevent any takeover of a mosque by extremists.
Another article provides that a ban on appearing in places of worship “May be pronounced by the judge (…) in the event of conviction for provocation to acts of terrorism or incitement to discrimination, hatred or violence ”.
Another provision, the right of opposition of the Tracfin service will be extended. “For the first time, we will know who is financing who on our soil and we are going to give Tracfin more resources to oppose all unwanted flows”, argued Gérald Darmanin in the Figaro.
An education component planned
An education component also aims to fight against illegal association schools and puts an end to home schooling for all children from 3 years old, except “For very limited reasons relating to the situation of the child or that of his family”. It strengthens the supervision of schools outside the contract, in particular by introducing “An administrative closure regime” in case of “Drifts”.
In addition, he plans to award “For each school-age child a national identifier allowing the academic authorities to ensure that no child is deprived of their right to education”.
“I noticed that in some neighborhoods, there are more little boys than little girls while statistically we know that more little girls are born”, he explained to Figaro. “It’s a scandal not to see these little ones “ghosts” of the Republic neither to the secular school, nor to that under contract and not even to the school outside contract ”, he added, assuring to want “Save these children from the clutches of the Islamists”.
The text also strengthens the powers of the prefects who may oppose the payment of public subsidies to associations which do not “Do not respect the values of the Republic”. Finally, other provisions of this text aim to strengthen equal rights for women.
Our selection of articles on Macron’s plan against “separatism”