The coup in Sudan: when the military no longer wants to share power with the civilian government – BBC News Thai

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Protesters support civilian leaders march on the streets of Khartoum.

The coup took place in Sudan. is the latest crisis in the country’s turmoil The general who led the coup said: made to prevent civil war

In addition to political tensions Sudan’s economy has also faced a severe crisis. with high inflation and food shortages fuel and medicine

This coup has alarmed many powers that have turned back to ties with Sudan. After many years of inactivity

Here are 4 things you need to know about the coup.

Behind the scenes of this coup

Military and civilian leaders have been in power since August 2019 after long-standing sole President Omar al-Bashier was overthrown.

The army overthrew Bashir. But people have protested in the streets calling for civilian rule. This led to the need for the military to negotiate a plan aimed at transforming it into a democratic government.

Sudan should now be in transition. It is led by civilian and military leaders who rule the country together in a joint committee known as the Sovereign Council.

But the two groups openly contradicted each other.

General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, leader of the Sudanese coup, said the military seized power on Monday to prevent a “civil war”.

As protests continue in Khartoum Shops, roads and bridges were closed, and telephone and internet lines were also affected.

At least 10 people have been reported dead since the unrest.

“The dangers we encountered last week. may lead the country into civil war,” General Burhan said at a news conference on Tuesday (Oct. 26).

he added The deposed Prime Minister of Sudan will return to his home once the crisis and risks are over.

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Protesters shouted anti-military messages.

General Burhan said he had dissolved civilian rule. And has arrested political leaders and declared a state of emergency. Because various political groups have urged people to protest against security forces.

BBC’s Mohamed Osman in Khartoum said Burhan’s preparation of a list of ministers and pledged to announce the appointment of a new chief judge within two days was an indication that It was planned before the coup.

What is behind the conflict?

Many military leaders in transitional governments have called for reforms from civilian leaders. and called for the establishment of a new cabinet. The civilian leaders ignored this demand because they saw that is the consolidation of power

Several failed coups have occurred since 2019, the most recent being just last month.

Prime Minister Hamduk The civilian leader accused it of being the work of those loyal to Bashir. which many people hid in the army security agency and various government institutions

in a few weeks Pro-military protesters rallied in Khartoum. At the same time there were protests in support of the Prime Minister.

Pro-military protesters accused the government of failed to restore the country’s economy.

Hamduk’s approach to economic reforms including the reduction of fuel subsidies make some people dissatisfied

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Sudan has been politically weak for a long time.

Magdy Abdelhadi, a regional analyst, wrote: Over the past several decades The sectarianism of political parties and the inability to build consensus on many occasions. This opens the way for the army to intervene. and a coup d’etat in reference to restoring order

Currently in Sudan There are at least 80 political parties.

The same divisiveness has affected the Sovereign Council. which has internal divisions in both the civilian and military making it impossible to find a common political consensus

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Sudan’s Central Medical Board said 80 people had been injured.

what happened now

chairman of the sovereign council has declared a state of emergency and dissolve the Cabinet and the Sovereign Council

General Burhan also said that elections will be held in July 2023.

It was reported that Prime Minister Hamduk was detained by the military earlier that same day. along with many other ministers The state radio and television headquarters were seized by the military.

Internet restrictions are also available.

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Both men and women protested in the streets against the coup.

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Three people were reportedly shot dead by soldiers.

African Union, United Nations and European Union The Arab League and the United States also expressed concern about the coup on Monday.

What might happen next?

Africa analyst Alex de Val said a coup didn’t mean a coup. everything is over Because civilians in this country are very capable of gathering to show their power.

He told BBC Newshour that whenever the military tries to cross the line, “The streets will be filled with people. And pull the army back into place.” He expected that was what was going to happen.

The information ministry’s Facebook page said the prime minister had called on people to come out and support the government.

Images and reports from Khartoum reveal Many protesters in the city

In addition, soldiers were sent to intercept the movement.

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Civilian Leaders and Military Leaders The conflict has been around since Omar al-Bashier was overthrown two years ago.

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Doctors refused to work in hospitals and institutions under the military.

In June 2019, before the transition to democracy was agreed. Soldiers fire on protesters in Khartoum. causing at least 87 deaths.

People will remember the memories of that massacre. while both sides were facing each other

The takeover has led the world to condemn the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, the United Nations and the African Union. of which Sudan is a member They called for the immediate release of all arrested political leaders. including members of Mr. Hamduk’s cabinet.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said Sudan was among the countries in Africa and Asia facing “An outbreak of a coup,” he called for. The world’s “big powers” join forces in resistance to achieve “effective deterrence” through the UN Security Council.

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The airport in Khartoum is closed. and has suspended international flights

While the US has already suspended $700 million in aid to Sudan, and the EU has threatened to do the same, both the US and the European Union have called for a civilian government to be restored without it. condition

Since Monday, it has been reported that soldiers have raided people’s homes in Khartoum to arrest protest organizers.

The BBC’s reporter said thousands more people took part in the protests in Khartoum. Most of them are in residential areas near the city center.

The airport in Khartoum was closed and all flights were canceled until Saturday (Oct. 30).

The country’s central bank officials reportedly joined the strike. And doctors across Sudan refuse to work in military-supervised hospitals. except emergency

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Nationwide internet outages

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