The Security Conference from Munich has closed this Sunday with the staging of the growing differences between U.S and the European Union, two traditional allies who see how their international interests diverge more and more.
The forum, founded in the 60s of the last century as a transatlantic meeting point where Europeans and Americans aligned positions, showed in its current edition how visions on the international board of Washington and the main community capitals take different paths. Both criticisms open to unilateralism of the Trump administration by the federal president of Germany, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, as the proposal of the president of France, Emmanuel Macron, that the EU is militarily independent of the United States as shown.
The highest representative of the US Government in Munich, the Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, he preferred to turn a deaf ear to the criticisms of his European allies and drew instead a triumphant speech: “We will win and we will do it together,” he said. That optimism was shared, however, by few in the meeting of the Bavarian capital.
The gradual American withdrawal of the international board and its protectionist tendencies make China appear more and more as a economic alternative and as a military power ascending with the vocation of succeeding the United States as the police of the world. The 5G technology from the Asian giant, with the Chinese company Huawei As the main workhorse, he is winning defenders in the Old Continent.
Both Pompeo and the president of the United States Congress, Nancy Pelosi – Democrat and one of the great voices opposing Trump within the United States – were united in this regard: European Union should not acquire chinese technology for being an espionage instrument of ascending power.
That unified position, coupled with the message of optimism with which Pompeo arrived in Munich, is interpreted by some German media as a sign that U.S He is seriously concerned about the growing Chinese influence in Europe. Trump’s victory in the last US elections is interpreted, not in vain, as a sign of decline by some traditional partners.
The representatives of the US even came to warn that the adoption by Europe of Chinese technology could compromise the NATO, an alliance created for the logic of the cold war, which survived the fall of the Berlin Wall and whose main military force is the United States.
These threats do not seem to have, for the moment, great impact on the main centers of power of the EU: London and Paris are committed to imposing harsh conditions on the adoption of Huawei technology, but refuse to exclude it 100% from the European market. Meanwhile, German Chancellor Angela Merkel is one of the defenders that the chinese company Do not be excluded from the EU, a position that has earned criticism within the ranks of your own party, the CDU.
“Language of power”
Libya has also been one of the main issues addressed in Munich. “The arms embargo has become a joke – that’s how blunt was the UN commissioner for Libya, Stephanie Williams, about the violation of one of the points of a declaration signed in Berlin almost a month ago on the Arab country, plunged into civil war for years, Williams said this after a meeting with German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, outside the Munich conference.
Representatives from twelve countries, the UN, the African Union, the EU and the Arab League met in parallel to the Security Conference to address how to enforce the points agreed at the international summit on Libya held a month ago in Berlin, at the initiative of German diplomacy and in an attempt to boost the multilateralism so reviled by the Trump Administration.
EU Foreign Ministers will try this Monday to carry out actions to support the peace process in the African country and to find a common position of the community bloc in another international issue in which the EU does not get a single voice. Josep Borrell, the EU High Representative for Foreign PolicyHe said it in other words in his speech at the Munich Security Conference: “Europe has to learn to speak the language of power.”