Hang-up: the autonomous robot car is still a long time coming
Once celebrated as a promising future technology, autonomous driving is treading on the spot. Politicians fail to create the legal framework, automobile manufacturers are backing off technology and people’s skepticism is growing.
Autonomous driving in automobiles is the same as with so many things in life. The hopes and ambitions are high, but then the undertaking turns out to be more complicated than expected. Audi let the A8 roll over the autobahn in 2017 with a swollen chest and demonstrated level three autonomous driving, but the introduction stalled; not least because of the legal basis. BMW promised level three automated driving for the iX from 2021 and is now applying the brakes. There is currently more than level two. Similar to Mercedes. The new S-Class is capable of automatic level three driving on autobahns – initially only in Germany and only up to 60 km / h, but not until next autumn. Here too, the legislature has to set the framework. When asked what it looks like with structurally separated lanes such as city highways, since the system has to work the same way on these roads, the Swabian car manufacturer replied: “According to the certification requirements, level three is restricted to operation on motorway-like roads When we launch the Drive Pilot in Germany, we will initially only release it on motorways. In accordance with the valid certification guidelines, we reserve the right to gradually expand the route network to include motorway-like federal highways. ” Optimistic sounds different. PAID STERN 2020_47 Blaues Wunder_17.15
The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) also pours out full-bodied announcements. “Germany will be number one internationally in autonomous driving. We will be the first country in the world to bring autonomous vehicles from the research laboratories onto the road – in regular operation,” says Federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer During the summer break, the legal parameters for autonomous driving level four should be tied down after the summer break. Apparently, that is still a long way off The BMVI’s homepage is more informative: “With the new law on autonomous driving, we want to create the legal framework so that autonomous vehicles (level five) can drive in regular operation in specified areas of public road traffic – nationwide.” even level five, that will be exciting.
Robot cars are in the stars
When the driver can give up control of his vehicle with a clear conscience and tour the cities with driverless robotic taxis is still in the stars. Some even consider the year 2030 too optimistic for reaching level five. A study by the Prognos Institute assumes that a larger number of cars will only be on the market after 2040 that act completely autonomously, i.e. no longer need a pilot even in the urban traffic jungle. That would actually be the perfection of autonomous driving, i.e. level five. But that is far away and the skepticism is growing. “The hype around level five is ebbing” can be read on the IAA.de website. “The key issue for consumer acceptance – and ultimately for demand for self-driving cars – is the issue of security,” the analysts at the Deloitte consultancy state in a study. According to the study, consumers are still very skeptical about the new technology: in Germany, Japan, Korea and the USA, almost half of those surveyed (between 44 and 48 percent each) rated the technology as unsafe.
Caution towards self-acting vehicles is also growing in technology-savvy regions such as China. Because there the study has risen from 25 percent last year to 35 percent. Nevertheless, reservations about autonomous driving are lowest in China. A completely different picture emerges in India. 58 percent of drivers there have safety concerns. That is ten percent more than in the last study and thus the top figure worldwide. The “TÜV Mobility Study 2020” puts a magnifying glass on Germany. In fact, only seven percent would completely rely on the automobile, 34 percent would accept a partial loss of control and 26 percent only trust the system to provide support. In other words, exactly what the systems in the vehicle are currently doing. It fits into the picture that 49 percent of those surveyed do not believe that a system with artificial intelligence drives a car better than a human.