26-year-old Xiao Su has been prone to coughing, wheezing, and feeling tired recently. Suspected that he was infected with new coronary pneumonia and went to the doctor, but he did not expect to be diagnosed with “AIDS” and “Pneumocystis pneumonia.” “Eating and living with sex” and living in an unsettling place. Although I suspected that I would be infected with AIDS, I still had a sullen mentality and felt very upset after the diagnosis.
Lin Wufu, director of the Department of Infectious Diseases at Taipei Hospital of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, said that unsafe sex is one of the main causes of AIDS. HIV is mainly transmitted through blood, body fluids and mucous membranes or skin wounds. “Pneumocystis pneumonia” is a kind of lung infection caused by human pneumocystis. Pneumocystis infects through the air and becomes latent in the human body. It activates only when the immune system has problems. It often occurs in AIDS, Cancer, immune insufficiency or impaired patients, premature infants and malnourished infants have general symptoms such as shortness of breath, fever, dry cough, chest pain, and a few hemoptysis. They are the most common opportunistic infections in AIDS patients.
Unsafe sex should be screened for AIDS for 3 months or 6 months
Lin Wufu also urged that if you have had unsafe sex with an unfamiliar object without a condom, you should be screened for HIV for 3 months or half a year. If you are worried about HIV infection, you can use “post-exposure prophylactic administration” ( (Referred to as PEP), taking the medicine within 72 hours of the incident, taking one medicine a day for 28 consecutive days can effectively reduce the risk of HIV infection. In addition, there is also “pre-exposure prophylactic administration” (PREP). During the period of expected exposure to AIDS, taking the drug first can effectively reduce the risk of infection. According to foreign studies, if the drug is taken on time, the protection can reach 95%. %above.
Lin Wufu said that during the severe epidemic, many patients who suspected that they were infected with AIDS but did not dare to seek medical treatment began to go to outpatient clinics for testing as the epidemic slowed down. Many people were diagnosed with AIDS and received treatment as a result. AIDS patients who take regular medications are not contagious. On the other hand, if they are not controlled by medication, they are potentially contagious. If needle sticks, unsafe sex, direct contact with blood or body fluids occur with contagious cases, they may be contagious. risk.
According to statistics from the Department of Disease Control of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, there are more than 40,000 AIDS patients in Taiwan. Lin Wufu reminds patients that personal protective measures such as hand hygiene, cough etiquette, and wearing masks must be implemented in the new life of epidemic prevention to reduce unnecessary movement, activities or gatherings. , Avoid entering and exiting crowded places, or places with high risk of infection transmission, and actively cooperate with various epidemic prevention measures. Safe sex is still the only way to stay away from various sexually transmitted diseases.
◎ Picture source/Dazhi Image/Shutterstock
◎ Source/Taipei Hospital
→Health information is not missed!Click me to join[Health 2.0 LINE Friends]【FB Fan Page】