Source: Sinochem New Network December 03, 2021
Sinochem News, December 3, issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology“The “14th Five-Year” Industrial Green Development Plan”(Click to download the full text), Proposed that by 2025, the carbon emission intensity will continue to decline, and the carbon dioxide emission per unit of industrial added value will be reduced by 18%; the pollutant emission intensity will be significantly reduced, the emission intensity of major pollutants in key industries will be reduced by 10%, and the energy consumption per unit value added of the industrial enterprises above designated size will be reduced by 13.5%. , The unit consumption of key industrial products such as ethylene has reached the world’s advanced level; the comprehensive utilization rate of bulk industrial solid waste has reached 57%, and the recovery and utilization of main renewable resources has reached 480 million tons. Water consumption per unit of industrial added value was reduced by 16%, 10,000 kinds of green products were promoted, and the output value of the green environmental protection industry reached 11 trillion yuan.
Carry out the carbon peaking action in the industrial sectorIn terms of “Planning”:
Formulate implementation plans for the peaking of carbon in key industries such as the industrial field and petrochemical and chemical industries, and plan the roadmap and timetable for peaking carbon.
Based on the different characteristics of process and discrete manufacturing,Clarify the main carbon emission production processes or sub-sectors of petrochemical and chemical industries, and propose implementation paths for carbon reduction and carbon peaking.Promote the clean and efficient use of fossil energy such as coal, and increase the proportion of renewable energy applications. Speed up hydrogen energy technology innovation and infrastructure construction, and promote the diversified utilization of hydrogen energy. Support enterprises to implement fuel substitution and accelerate the transformation of industrial coal to electricity and coal to gas. For boilers and industrial kilns that use coal, petroleum coke, residual oil, and heavy oil as fuel, clean and low-carbon energy sources are used instead. Through process carbon reduction, process carbon reduction, and raw material substitution, the production process carbon reduction is realized. Develop green low-carbon materials and promote carbon reduction throughout the product life cycle. Explore low-cost carbon dioxide capture, resource conversion and utilization, storage and other active carbon reduction pathways.
Give full play to the exemplary and leading role of central enterprises and large enterprise groups, and implement a number of major projects with outstanding carbon reduction effects and strong driving force.
The management and control of other greenhouse gas emissions such as nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride will be carried out in an orderly manner. Implement the “Montreal Protocol” Kigali Amendment, launch polyurethane foam, extruded styrene foam, industrial and commercial refrigeration and air-conditioning and other key areas of HCFC phase-out management plan, strengthen production line transformation, alternative technology research and alternative route selection , To promote the reduction of hydrochlorofluorocarbons.
Industrial carbon peak promotion projects include:Coupling of carbon dioxide to produce chemicals, electrolysis of renewable energy to produce hydrogen, capture, utilization and storage of megatons of carbon dioxideDemonstration of major carbon reduction projects.developPolylactic acid, polybutylene succinate, polyhydroxyalkanoic acid, polyorganic acid composite material, cocoyl amino acidAnd other bio-based materials.
Promote the high-end transformation of the industrial structureIn terms of “Planning”:
Speed up the implementation of green upgrading and transformation in petrochemical and chemical industries, and promote the relocation and transformation of hazardous chemical production enterprises in densely populated urban areas. Implement the energy consumption “dual control” target and carbon emission intensity control requirements, and promote the development of reduction, intensive, and green development of the heavy chemical industry. For the “two highs” projects where the market has been saturated, the energy efficiency level of the main product design should be compared to the advanced value of the energy consumption limit of the industry or the international advanced level.Strictly control the new production capacity of urea, ammonium phosphate, calcium carbide, caustic soda, yellow phosphorus and other industries, New projects should implement equal or reduced production capacity replacement. Strengthen the constraints of environmental protection, energy consumption, water consumption and other factors, and promote the withdrawal of backward production capacity in accordance with laws and regulations.
Accelerate the creation of green and low-carbon development highlands focusing on the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and other regions, actively promote the Yangtze River Economic Belt to become the main battlefield of my country’s ecological priority green development, and steadily promote the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin .
Beijing-Tianjin-HebeiThe region strengthens the efficient use of unconventional water such as wastewater from high water-consuming industries, seawater and reclaimed water.
Yangtze River DeltaPromote the green upgrading and transformation of traditional industries, industrial transfer, cross-regional coordination of industrial chains, and efficient industrial clustering, and promote the optimal allocation of regional energy resources.
Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay AreaPromote the green transformation of traditional industries such as refining and chemical, implement the “Clean Production Partnership Program” in the Greater Bay Area, and increase the recycling and utilization of renewable resources.
Yangtze River Economic BeltstrengthenRenovation and improvement of chemical parks and pollution control, construction and expansion of chemical projects within 1 km of the main and tributaries of the Yangtze River are strictly prohibited, Carry out water saving and pollution reduction along the river industry. Strengthen the comprehensive utilization of resources such as phosphogypsum, fly ash, waste plastics, and waste tires in the upper and middle reaches.
Yellow River BasinAccording to the principle of determining production by water,Strictly control the blind expansion of coal chemical industry and other industries。Guide the new coal chemical industry and petrochemical industry, Steel, building materials and other industries coupled development. Promote the recycling of water resources in the coal chemical industry and other industries.
Accelerate the transition to low-carbon energy consumptionIn terms of “Planning”:
Encourage the application of alternative energy sources such as hydrogen energy, biofuels, and refuse-derived fuels in the chemical industry and other industries.Strictly control coal consumption in major coal-using industries such as coal chemical industry, Encourage new, reconstruction and expansion projects in areas where conditions permit to use coal to reduce the amount of replacement.
Accelerate the innovation and application of energy-saving technology and equipment in key energy-using industries, and continue to promote the optimization of energy systems in typical process industries.Focus on promoting the direct production of chemicals from crude oil in the petrochemical and chemical industry, and advanced coal gasificationAnd other advanced energy-saving technological processes.
Promote recycling transformation of resource utilizationIn terms of “Planning”:
Comprehensively and rationally develop mineral resources such as phosphate rock, and strengthen the development of co-associated mineral resources such as vanadium-titanium resources in vanadium-titanium magnetite and fluorine resources in phosphate rock. Strengthen the matching of the supply and demand structure of raw materials between steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, and chemical companies, promote effective and coordinated supply, strengthen the circular link between enterprises, parks, and industrial clusters, and improve the level of resource utilization.
Promote the large-scale comprehensive utilization of bulk industrial solid waste such as tailings, fly ash, industrial by-product gypsum, and chemical slag. Promote the co-processing of solid waste in steel kilns, cement kilns, and chemical plants.
According to the “Plan”,Cleaner production transformation project in petrochemical and chemical industryIncluding: the implementation of high-efficiency catalysis, process intensification, high-efficiency rectification and other technological transformations, as well as equipment transformations such as waste salt incineration and refining, waste sulfuric acid pyrolysis, advanced oxidation, micro-reaction, coal gasification, etc.