Dr. Shawki Allam, Mufti of the Republic, Head of the General Secretariat of Fatwa Authorities and Authorities in the world, said: The question of polygamy We should understand it in the light of the Qur’anic verse from Surat An-Nisa: “And if you fear that you will not receive justice in orphans, then marry as many women as you like.” Polygamy came to treat a social problem that may vary according to time and place. Therefore, polygamy should be under the weight of a strong and well-considered justification, with justice being achieved, and the husband is responsible before God for his failure to abide by this justice. Likewise, the inclination of the heart may not affect the rights and duties.
This came during his weekly meeting on the Nazra program with the journalist Hamdi Rizk on Sada Al-Balad channel, adding that Islam has defined the framework in which marital relations can proceed, which is a marital bond through the marriage contract, and there is no other way to form a family except in this framework.
The Mufti of the Republic drew attention to the fact that the king of the oath has ended forever from the first moment the legislation came, because he wants the human being to be free, by drying up the sources of slavery and mourning the release of slaves; The fact that the mention of the king of the oath remains as recitation in the Qur’an does not mean its existence or its legitimacy now.
The Mufti stressed that it is not permissible to enslave Muslim or non-Muslim women in this era, and this is what the jurists have unanimously agreed upon; Because Muslims have adhered to international treaties that prohibited us and others from enslaving free people, and Islamic countries have signed these agreements unanimously, so no one is allowed to violate these treaties, and also it is not permissible to consider female servants or poor women the property of a right-winger, as the extremists think, but they are free women.
The Mufti pointed out that a woman has the right to resort to the judiciary when she is harmed by her husband, but there is a need for an area of morality, housing and affection in order to alleviate marital and family problems and thus reduce pressure on the courts.
Concerning the confusion surrounding the ruling on a woman taking money from her husband in return for his service and the service of their children, Dr. Shawqi Allam said: Whoever demands this does not read the Egyptian reality well; In most cases, the Egyptian wife supports her husband and her family in all aspects of life, and preserves the family entity, which is something that characterizes Egyptian women.
The Mufti of the Republic explained that domination of women by men in the name of stewardship is unacceptable. The relationship between a man and a woman is a complementary relationship, and stewardship is a mandate from God Almighty to the man and not an honor for him, and it is a great and accurate responsibility at the same time, taking from its linguistic meanings and from the behavior of the Noble Prophet, He is the right model in this matter, and also, it does not give the man the right to dominate his family or make him unique in making decisions.
He pointed out that God Almighty’s saying: “Men are in charge of women.” [النساء: 34], we must understand it in the light of the applied prophetic model; The Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, never made guardianship a pretext for controlling women, as well as in the context of the noble verse: “And among His signs is that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you might find dwelling among you. [الروم: 21]Also, the language does not help to deduce the meaning of authority from the word qawwam mentioned in the noble verse, because “Qawam” by stress means the one who is based on the rights of God Almighty; As stated in dictionaries and dictionaries.
In response to a question about the ruling on the husband taking his wife’s salary, the Mufti of the Republic said: The husband has a financial liability independent of his wife, and the wife also has a financial liability independent of her husband, so marriage in Islamic law does not entail the merging of the finances of one spouse with the finances of the other; Whether liquid money, property, or other different forms of money, as well as the husband or wife is not entitled to control one of them in the financial actions of the other except with advice, and also Islam has forbidden the husband to take anything from her money except with the kindness of her.
He concluded his dialogue by saying: “Despite the existence of a woman’s independent financial responsibility and freedom of action, this does not prevent a woman from supporting her husband and her home, as this is considered a form of sacrifice and giving in which the family settles, and it is asked of her on the side of goodwill and good altruism and seeking God Almighty’s reward for her for her That; and this is what Egyptian women have believed throughout the ages.”