The PSOE raises a surcharge of up to 50% of the IBI to mobilize the empty house

The President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez (3i), talks with the second vice president, Pablo Iglesias (d), during the last Council of Ministers.  (EFE)

The President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez (3i), talks with the second vice president, Pablo Iglesias (d), during the last Council of Ministers. (EFE)

The PSOE raises mobilize empty houses Through surcharges of up to 50% in the share of the real estate tax (IBI), which the municipalities could apply to their authority. This is a possibility that has already been included in the local property regulatory law since 2004, but that has never been developed due to the lack of a homogeneous definition at the state level of the concept of empty housing. Now, coinciding with the negotiations within the Government for the future state housing law, it is intended to end this lack of definition, specifying the concept and characteristics of an empty house so that the courts do not overthrow, as they have done so far, the attempt of some local entities to implement this surcharge. The jurisprudence itself shows the need to regulate this issue with a state regulation.

This is one of the measures being considered to be included in the future housing law, according to sources from the Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda. From Unidos Podemos, however, they are betting on a new state tax that taxes empty homes, and training sources close to the negotiations lament the “lack of ambition” of the PSOE and the little effect of this type of measures, such as the surcharge. of the IBI, to encourage access to housing. His proposal, according to sources from United We Can, goes through “A new state tax on empty housing with an autonomous section”.

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Ruth Ugalde

Real estate investors fear that the new distribution of forces arising from the Catalan elections will force the central Executive to give up positions before the left-wing groups

The intention of the dwellings to charge these homes with a tax is in line with the norm approved in the Valencian Community by PSOE, Compromís and Unidas Podemos to tax large holders of homes that have been empty for more than two years. The Socialists insist on providing the new norm of legal certainty and consider that the creation of a new tax of these characteristics could entail double taxation.

The revised text of the local property regulatory law refers generically to “properties for residential use that are permanently unoccupied”. The objective, therefore, is to develop this concept to avoid as up to now that the courts knock down its application. In this case, according to article 72 of the revised text of the law, “the municipalities may demand a surcharge of up to 50% of the liquid tax quota” and, within this limit, “determine a single surcharge by means of a tax ordinance. or several depending on the length of the vacant period of the property “.

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Ivan Gil

The incentives would propose maintaining or increasing tax exemptions for those who rent at a price in accordance with the benchmark indices and raising taxation for those who exceed them.

The position of the PSOE in the negotiations goes through incentivize the regulation of rents and facilitate access to housing through tax deductions, while that of the purple ones focuses more on doing it through tax penalties. The Ministry of Finance is also analyzing the different formulas, leaning towards avoid sanctioning measures. In fact, meetings are being held between the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Finance to define these formulas, although sources from the department headed by María Jesús Montero acknowledge that the works are still in an initial phase.

For United We Can, the regulation of rents through tax incentives it cannot work because by being a volunteer they consider that the owner is not compensated. Even more so in places where the market is especially stressed with very high prices, they argue. “The savings with the Treasury are not enough to compensate for the losses that the price limitation would imply” for the owners, is sustained in some of the reports that they have prepared analyzing this type of experiences in other countries.

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Juan Soto Ivars

Ábalos tried to justify the decision to break the agreement reached with Podemos to regulate rental prices. He said that housing is a right, but also a market good

With some starting positions still very far apart between PSOE and United We Can for the development of the future housing law, the objective is to bring the bill to the Council of Ministers before the end of next March, which would be a month behind on the agreed deadlines. Unidos Podemos demanded in the last meeting between the negotiating teams a greater urgency because “this new deadline is very far” from the one set in the budget agreement.

The pressure on the PSOE extended this Thursday, with up to seven parties represented in Congress (United We Can, ERC, EH Bildu, JxCAT, CUP, More Country, Compromís, BNG and Nueva Canarias) who have signed a manifesto claiming to promote a law that “guarantees the right to decent, affordable, accessible and adequate housing.” The text, promoted by unions and social groups, demands measures such as regulating rents “at prices appropriate to the salaries of the population in each area of ​​the territory”, “expand the public stock of social rental, at least to 20% of the housing complex in 20 years” or prohibit evictions of vulnerable people “Without a decent and adequate housing alternative, as well as the obligation of stable social rent for the large holders and in the rest of the cases, dignified and adequate relocation in charge of the public powers.”

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