The rice sector in the Ruzizi plain in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) occupies an important place with regard to the food habits of the populations of the region and the income of farmers. This article is the result of a survey of actors in the sector and illustrates (i) the organization of the sector, specifying the role of commercial intermediaries; (ii) transactional characteristics (modes of coordination); and (iii) farmer leverage factors, price and quality information. Transactions in this sector are organized around three circuits, with however a large domination of the circuit of the Bralima brewery which captures nearly 80% of local rice production. It is a sure outlet for producers, but its weight leaves little room for the development of the table rice sector, which suffers from competition from imported rice.
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Materials and methods
1. Structure, functioning and economic organization of the sector
Description of production and geographical distribution of flows in the sector
Characteristics of rice farms
Market organization: supply and demand, role of intermediaries
2. Description of the characteristics of rice market transactions
Volumes of rice traded
Transaction with intermediaries
Level of formalization and contractualization in the sector
3. Circulation of information in the supply chain
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AT Globally, rice is the first cereal in terms of human nutrition with an annual production (in white rice equivalent) estimated at 517 million tonnes in 2021. The major Asian rice producing countries are also the main consumers, leaving a small margin for international trade. Only 10% of world production is exchanged against 20% for wheat and 18% for corn. In Africa, rice also occupies a place of choice in the diet of the population and constitutes the second source of food after maize (Soullier et al., 2020). It is preferred over other cereals by the urban population due to reduced preparation time and easier storage (Furaha Mirindi, 2017). Rice needs have increased sharply in Africa in recent decades and forecasts indicate that they could quadruple by 2050 (Mendez del Villar and Bauer, 2013). This explosion in demand for rice is exp…
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Gift RushigiraPatricio Mendez del Villar and Nicholas Paget, “The rice sector in the Ruzizi plain in eastern DRC. Organization and transmission of information », rural economy384 | 2023, 77-92.
Gift RushigiraPatricio Mendez del Villar and Nicholas Paget, “The rice sector in the Ruzizi plain in eastern DRC. Organization and transmission of information », rural economy [En ligne], 384 | April-June, posted on January 03, 2025consulted the 08 May 2023. URL : DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/economierurale.11395
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