The US identified Venezuela and Cuba as “foreign adversaries” and imposed more controls to prevent them from accessing national technologies

FILE PHOTO: US Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross speaks alongside Secretary of State Mike Pompeo during a press conference on September 21, 2020 (Patrick Semansky / Pool via REUTERS)

The United States announced this Thursday more controls related to the transfers of US technologies and other activities carried out by individuals to prevent China, Russia, North Korea, Iran, Cuba and the Maduro regime in Venezuela from accessing them.

The rule will take effect in 60 days, as announced by the United States Department of Commerce in a statement on Thursday.

Likewise, as well Controls will be tightened to prevent Americans from supporting unauthorized weapons of mass destruction programs, including weapon launch systems and weapons production facilities. The controls, which will also impact Syrian companies, will focus on the intermediation for the sale of articles of foreign origin or the provision of maintenance, repair or revision services.

The Department of Commerce also expanded the licensing requirement for exports, re-exports and transfers – in the United States – for military intelligence end uses in China, Russia and Venezuela, beyond the listed items subject to existing military end use and end user.

In parallel, the United States is reviewing end-use controls related to chemical and biological weapons, rocket systems, and unmanned aerial vehicles.

“We cannot allow the foreign military and intelligence organizations of our adversaries in China, Cuba, Russia, Venezuela and Iran and other countries that support terrorism to benefit from the technology of the United States or its services to carry out their destabilizing activities. “said the Secretary of Commerce, Wilbur Ross.

“We must ensure our controls to prevent Americans, wherever they are based, from supporting activities related to unauthorized weapons of mass destruction programs around the world,” he added, noting that the decision strengthens the national security of the United States.

PHOTO FILE: Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping at a BRICS group summit at the Itamaraty Palace in Brasilia on November 14, 2019 (Pavel Golovkin / Pool via REUTERS)

PHOTO FILE: Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping at a BRICS group summit at the Itamaraty Palace in Brasilia on November 14, 2019 (Pavel Golovkin / Pool via REUTERS)

Blacklist

On December 21, the US Department of Commerce appointed 45 Russian and 58 Chinese companies as foreign entities with military ties, which is why it restricted exports, re-exports and transfers with them.

“The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) will amend the Export Administration Regulations by adding a new list of military end users, as well as the first tranche of 103 companies, which includes 58 Chinese and 45 Russian entities, “the US Government explained at the time.

Russian entities include the Government of Russian President Vladimir Putin, the Ministry of Defense, the Foreign Intelligence Service, as well as the Progress Rocket and Space Center, Rosoboronexport, Rostec, Sujoi, Tupolev, United Aircraft Corporation or Admiralty Shipyard. Other Russian companies included are the Research Institutes of the state nuclear power corporation, Rosatom, the aircraft engine producer SSJ and MS-21, Saturn, Irkut and the state corporation Rostec.

Entre las empresas chinas restringidas se encuentran Aero-Engine Company, Aviation Industry Corporation, Academy of Aerospace Solid Propulsion Technology y CAST Xi’an Spaceflight Engine Factory and Government Flying Service.

With information from EuropaPress

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