This year, the world witnessed an unprecedented heat wave that resulted in the outbreak of dozens of fires and the death of hundreds in many countries in the continents of America, Europe, Africa and Asia, where the earth witnessed a catastrophic situation, and the number of fires exceeded the average number in previous years.
It seems that the file of climate change and its destructive impact on the earth is still waiting for radical solutions, but in the meantime, the earth is witnessing a catastrophic and destructive state represented by the fires that enveloped the land from east to west.
The fires extend from Siberia in the east to Bolivia and the US state of California, passing through in Algeria, Tunisia in North Africa, and Greece in Europe.
According to the map of the NASA Fire Information System satellite map, known as “FIRMS”, fires have spread to many parts of the world due to the effects of global warming and climate change, the most severe of which were in Turkey and Greece.
Many Mediterranean countries are suffering from scorching heat and forest fires have spread rapidly in recent weeks, including Turkey, Greece, Italy, Algeria and Tunisia, most recently a large fire that broke out in Israel on Friday.
Worsening drought and heat – both linked to climate change – have also sparked wildfires this summer in the western United States and in Russia’s northern Siberia.
Scientists say there is little doubt that climate change caused by burning coal, oil and natural gas is leading to more extreme events.
Led Fires in Greece to exhaust firefighting capabilities In the country to the fullest extent, the government appealed for help from abroad. About 24 European and Middle Eastern countries sent aid, including firefighters, planes and vehicles.
On Friday, firefighters from Romania, Ukraine, Serbia, Slovakia, Poland and Moldova treated the smoldering remains of the main fire in Evia, which destroyed 50,900 hectares (125,777 acres) of Greece’s second largest island.
Two other major fires are still burning in the Peloponnese region of southern Greece, where hundreds of French, German, Austrian and Czech firefighters are helping their fellow Greeks.
Experts link the doubling of the number of fires in the world to various phenomena related to global warming. They consider the recurring heat waves to be an unambiguous indicator of that, expecting heat waves to multiply, intensify and extend their duration, which constitutes an ideal mixture for the outbreak and expansion of fires.
According to a draft report prepared by United Nations climate experts last June, “high temperatures and droughts at the global level have led to a prolongation of the fire season and doubled the area of areas at risk of outbreak.”
In an indication that this summer’s fire season in Europe is not yet nearing its end, and that only its front has moved, France directed three firefighting planes that it had hastily sent to Greece, to Sicily, which is dealing with similar fires like its neighbor Calabria.
A new fire broke out on Friday on the Greek island of Evia, but to the south of the area where a massive fire destroyed forests, set homes on fire, and smoke is still burning 10 days after it broke out.
The Greek fire department said four water-dropping planes and six helicopters were sent to control the new fire in central Evia, along with 23 firefighters and 10 vehicles.
The largest fire that broke out on August 3 devastated much of the north of the island and is one of the worst known bushfires in the country.
Parts of southern Italy have faced wildfires in recent weeks, with bushes burning in the far south of Calabria and on the islands of Sicily and Sardinia.
On Wednesday, temperatures soared to nearly 49 degrees Celsius in southeastern Sicily, said to be the highest temperature Europe has ever recorded.
The heat wave is now heading north and 25 families have been evacuated as the fires spread in the Monte Catello reserve near the Tivoli suburb on the outskirts of Rome, firefighters said in a tweet on Twitter.
In Turkey, the fires claimed eight lives and killed Tens of thousands of acres in the bushes and woods, in the same week that a United Nations climate panel warned that global warming was getting closer to spinning out of control and that extreme weather waves would only get more intense.
And turned the fire crisis that erupted late last month in several Turkish states, into a new occasion for the Turks to criticize their country’s government for its handling of the fires that destroyed more than 100,000 hectares of land so far.
It seems that the majority of forest fires that Sweeping northern Algeria came under control Friday, especially in the Tizi Ouzou region, the most affected in the Kabylie region, according to the authorities, where the fires claimed the lives of dozens of residents and civil defense personnel.
On Thursday, Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune announced that the extent of the fires that erupted in the country had not been witnessed in Algeria for decades.
After declaring that “all the forest fires that broke out this morning in Tizi Ouzou have been extinguished,” the Civil Protection reported that “five fires” had broken out in this wilaya.
Firefighters and volunteers continue to fight 35 fires in 11 other governorates, including Jijel, Bejaia and Boumerdes, according to the latest civil protection report.
In total, 76 fires out of 100 counted Thursday were extinguished, in 15 provinces in the country.
In Tunisia, the Tunisia Africa News Agency said today, Friday, that a fire that broke out in the Jebel Umm al-Abwab area in the state of Zaghouan is continuing its progress, and that the fire has destroyed about 500 hectares of forest trees.
In Russia, Russian authorities expanded a state of emergency in northeastern Siberia on Friday to bring in outside resources to fight forest fires that have ravaged the sprawling region.
Russian Emergencies Minister Yevgeny Zenichev declared a state of emergency in the Republic of Sakha, “Yakutia”.
The decision would organize the transfer of firefighting resources from other regions to help put out the flames in Yakutia, Russia’s largest region, which is larger than Argentina.
The wildfires in Siberia were raging so fiercely, according to the authorities, that smoke reached the North Pole, according to the US space agency, “NASA”.
And if it is difficult to link a fire with climate change, the latter makes these disasters more likely and dangerous, and Russian scientists believe that the current fires are already the result of global warming.
The Yakutia region in Siberia is one of the regions most affected by the fires, as the situation continues to “exacerbate with the trend of an increase in the number and area of forest fires”, as revealed by the Russian Meteorological Agency, “Rosgedromy” on its website.
According to her, more than 3.4 million hectares of forests are currently burning there, including “remote and hard-to-reach” areas, adding that “thick smoke is spreading over large areas.”
For its part, “NASA” reported, in a previous statement, that the smoke of the Yakutia fires “traversed more than 3,000 kilometers to reach the North Pole, which appears to be a precedent in documented history,” adding that “thick smoke caused by forest fires covered the largest part of Russia on August 6.” This is what the satellite imaged.
And in America, the second extended The largest wildfire in California history, last week, to nearly 500,000 acres, and resulted in the injury of a number of firefighters.
The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection said on its Twitter account that the “Dixie” fire, northeast of San Francisco, expanded to 489,287 acres from about 274,000 acres in the middle of last week, and more than 5,000 men participated in the efforts to extinguish the “Dixie” fire. extinguishing.
This is the second largest wildfire in the state after a massive fire that broke out in August 2020 and burned more than one million acres.
In South America, this year, forest fires burned about 150,000 hectares in the Saint Cruz province of Bolivia, near the border with Brazil, according to local authorities.
Local officials reported that the height of the fire was more than 5 meters, while the height of the smoke columns exceeded 40 meters, noting that the San Matias region is the most affected by the fires that threaten a nature reserve.