The level of disapproval by citizens of the presidents of Latin American countries remained at high levels in March and April, according to data from a regional presidential image survey released this Monday in Buenos Aires.
(Boric disapproval grows in Chile after a month in the presidency).
According to the most recent bimonthly monitoring of presidential approval in 18 Latin American countries, prepared by the non-governmental organization Legislative Directory, most of the governments in the region are consolidating at levels of
high or very high disapproval and even those who transiting the initial stage of their mandates experience rapid declines in approval.
“There is a very solid trend evidenced in high disapprovals -above the approval levels-, in most of the presidencies of the region,” observed Mario Riorda, president of the Latin American Association for Research in Electoral Campaigns and director of the Master’s in Political Communication of the Austral University, when analyzing the results of the survey.
The expert pointed out that currently two phenomena are combined in the region: rapid drops in approval at the short start of government mandates and consolidated disapproval in “taxed or hyper-taxed” formats.
The ranking of disapproval is headed by Castillo (71%), followed by Duque (69%), Fernández (60%), Bolsonaro (53%), López Obrador (41%) and Boric (41%). In net terms, discounting the percentage of disapproval from the percentage of approval, only López Obrador remained in positive territory (15%), while the highest net level of disapproval is held by Castillo (-49%), followed by Duque (-39%). ), Fernández (-35%), Bolsonaro (-23%) and Boric (-2%).
In addition, according to the survey, the ranking of presidents Latin American with the highest level of approval is led by the Mexican Andrés López Obrador (56% approval), followed by the Chilean Gabriel Boric (39%), the Brazilian Jair Bolsonaro (30%), the Colombian Iván Duque (26%), the Argentine Alberto Fernández (25%) and the Peruvian Pedro Castillo (22%).
“Those who are doing poorly in terms of public opinion have not known how to navigate governability in the context of broken party political systems. Atomization has generated expectations that were not easy to satisfy. And the historical political parties are no longer sufficient to sustain governability or well, strong leaderships of the past, accompanying, have not been able to contribute positively in these processes, such as Colombia, Argentina and Bolivia, for example,” said Riorda.
He added that those who are doing poorly in terms of public opinion have sometimes embodied “closed leadership”, governing “in a tribal way with closed, dogmatic, inflexible, excluding dynamics, such as the Brazilian case”, while in other cases “they have not known recognize that they arrived because the predecessors were very bad, not on their own merits” and on other occasions “they have been pure shell”, an “advertising product that had nothing to do with a government project”. “Of course, these are just a few edges to analyze. The economic situation, the media systems, the social actors, all have influenced and contributed to each situation. Despite this, the truth is that many who reach the government suffer, they suffer from it. And so does society,” he said.
According to the survey, inflation, which has accelerated in the region since the war in Ukraine, is the main cause of concern for citizens in Argentina, Chile and Costa Rica, and is among the most important in Brazil, where, in addition to , is the economic indicator that is viewed with the most pessimism. En Argentina and Brazil, the people surveyed consider that the Government is very responsible for the inflationary scenario and they doubt the capacity of the Executive to manage it.
In Chile, meanwhile, the population assigns more responsibility to the business sector than to the government, although it believes that the possibilities of controlling inflation depend on the Executive. Just over 9 out of 10 citizens warn that the cost of living has increased in Brazil, Colombia and Peru, the latter country where 81% of those surveyed say that their income is not enough to cover their expenses.