Throw 500 million to resurrect “Mammoth” in hopes of revive the pole from the climate crisis.
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Throw 500 million to resurrect – 14 Sept. Guardian reports scientific efforts to bring “Mammoth” Primitive animals that lived in the Ice Age more than 20,000 years ago come back to life.
The report said Colossal, the life sciences and genetics company founded by technology and software business owner Ben Lamm, and Dr George Church, a professor of genetics at Harvard Medical School. NS and pioneer of gene editing Announcement of budget fields of 15 million US dollars, or almost 500 million baht.
A team of scientists will initially breed mammoth hybrids by creating embryos in a laboratory with mammoth DNA. The beginning of the project is to convert epidermal tissue cells from Asian elephants to become more diverse stem cells. and is a support cell for mammoth DNA.
The specific gene responsible for defining the mammoth’s fur The insulating lipid layer and other bodily systems used to adapt to extreme cold conditions were identified by comparing the mammoth genome extracted from the remains of an elephant frozen underground.
The embryo, or embryo, is then podged into a surrogate elephant or possibly cultured in an artificial womb. and if the processes according to forecast Researchers hope to get the first mixed breed mammoth cubs in six years.
“Our goal is to breed elephants that can withstand cold weather. It will look and behave like a mammoth. Not because we are trying to deceive anyone. But because we need an elephant in the same way that a mammoth can be happy in -40 degrees Celsius and do everything that elephants and mammoths can do. especially the use of force to fall down trees,” said Professor Church.
The project is within the framework of efforts to conserve Asian elephants, which are classified as endangered. With the addition of a feature that would allow these Asian elephants to thrive in the Arctic known as the Mammoth Plain.
It is also believed that inhabiting a herd of mammoth elephants in the polar snowfields may help reverse the degradation that is partly affected by the climate crisis.
But not all scientists believe that the reintroduction of hybrid mammoths interferes with the natural systems of the world at large. or geoengineer to prevent global climate change no way
Dr. Victoria Herridge An evolutionary biologist at the Museum of Natural History said: “The scale of this experiment was enormous. You’re talking about hundreds of thousands of mammoths, each taking 22 months to gestation and 30 years to mature.”
Professor Gareth Phoenix Expert in Plants and Global Change Ecology The University of Sheffield said
“While we need different approaches So much to stop climate change We still need to initiate a responsible solution to avoid unintended consequences. That’s a big challenge in the Arctic, where there are different ecosystems.”
“For example, mammoths are proposed as a solution to slow the thawing of the permafrost. because they will eliminate the trees tighten the ground and turn the landscape into a meadow This helps the ground to cool down. However, we know that in Arctic forests with trees and moss, It is also important to protect the permafrost layer. Removing trees and destroying moss was the last thing I wanted to do,” said Professor Phoenix.