“To succeed in the ecological transition, we must initiate a real revolution in our public policies”

Lhe climatic events that have occurred in recent weeks have given the IPCC report [Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat] all its dramatic dimension. So it was true! It is true that the deadlines are approaching, that time is running out, that our societies must as quickly as possible engage in ecological reconversion and take the necessary measures.

These are largely well known: increase public investment in thermal renovation of buildings and infrastructure by at least 20 billion euros per year for at least ten years; transform our agriculture from top to bottom; drastically reduce our energy consumption and our carbon footprint; adopt sober practices in our ways of producing and consuming.

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At the national level, we also have a roadmap, the National Low Carbon Strategy (SNBC), which is supposed to outline the way forward.

Mobilize all disciplines

But, yet, nothing is settled. First, because this roadmap is not being respected – as the High Council for the climate has indicated on several occasions – and because it is overly optimistic: it continues to rely on product growth. gross domestic product (GDP) while this continues to be accompanied by an increase in greenhouse gas emissions. Secondly, because the implementation of this strategy is insufficient.

Finally, because the various resistance movements that have developed in recent years against this type of measure (“red caps” against the taxation of heavy goods vehicles, “yellow vests” against the rise in fuel prices, slings against the installation wind farms…) risk turning the SNBC into a paper tiger. To succeed, we must initiate a real revolution in our public policies.

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We first need to organize a real planning based on a solid forecast, mobilizing all disciplines and drawing costed scenarios integrating both material resources, macroeconomic developments and those of employment, and this, taking into account take into account geopolitical questions and the different European, national and regional scales.

It is on this condition that we can decide, for example, whether all the existing buildings should undergo thermal renovation or whether it is preferable to completely rebuild some of them elsewhere with new materials; if we are able to build market gardening belts and organize a form of food autonomy for our cities; in which areas it is desirable to distribute the new jobs of ecological reconversion and relocation; whether it is better or not to conserve nuclear energy to allow us to ensure our independence …

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