In addition to being the king of handheld consoles and emulator consoles in 2022, Steam Deck can be used as a desk at home because of its high-performance hardware, good scalability, and Linux-based operating system. On the computer, of course, it can also be taken out and used as a thin and light laptop with powerful performance. We have written before how to change the SSD hard drive to 1TB, and also changed the emulator, installed Chinese input method, LibreOffice, added printer support, and even installed Edge Browser and Teams for Linux in SteamOS, so that it has Basic office use functionality.
However, no matter how it is modified, for some friends, it is better to directly install a set of Windows, don’t you think? This series of articles is followed by a violent change, so that your Steamdeck can install Windows 10 in the built-in SSD, and by installing the reFine dual boot program, SteamDeck can freely switch between SteamOS and Windows 10 operating systems without hindrance .
It should be noted that the method adopted in this article is directly installed in the SSD, and the speed is the same as that of the SSD, and it will not be limited to the performance of the MicroSD card like installing Windows-to-go.
Friends who need to use it as a laptop are strongly recommended to upgrade the storage space, Chinese culture and install Chinese input method.
Steam Deck SSD 1TB upgrade DIY tutorial: detailed steps here
Soft modified Steam Deck becomes the king of handhelds: the simulator upper body plays thousands of games
Soft modified Steam Deck becomes the king of thin and light laptops: Arch Linux Chinese culture fcitx Chinese input method Libre Office installation guide
Soft change Steam Deck into a thin and light laptop: new printer support
Warning: Arch LInux built into SteamDeck is a highly customized operating system for games. After each upgrade, the original Chinese language and installed software may be rotten, and you need to re-run the steps.
Before starting, please prepare the following tools. In fact, except for the absolutely necessary flash drive over 8G, other devices are good tools to make yourself more comfortable.
▲In fact, most of the tools and materials are not absolutely necessary, but it is very difficult to operate.
Prepare SteamOS recovery to adjust the hard disk partition
First of all, if there is no special preparation, SteamOS should have taken up all the built-in SSD hard disk space. This is also the reason why most of the teaching in the market uses Windows To Go or Live CD and installs it in the MicroSD card.
However, this method of installation will be stuck at the performance of the MicroSD card. For example, the WD SN740 installed by the author has a reading speed of 2240MB/sec, and the theoretical speed of MicroSD memory card is 312MB/s, but actually very few can exceed 100MB/s. The difference in reading speed alone is 20 times. Unless you only use Windows or other operating systems very occasionally, it is recommended to spend some effort to install the system in the built-in SSD.
If you are an old reader of this series of articles and already have a SteamOS recovery flash drive, please skip to the next section “Adjust the hard disk partition to make room for Windows or other operating systems to install”
The Steam OS for the Steam Deck restore system can be found on the Steam Deck FAQ page.
Then follow the instructions on the official page to write the system to a USB flash drive above 8G.
On Windows systems, we recommend using Rufus utility. Select the restore image file and write to your USB flash drive (this will format your USB flash drive contents).When finished, select “Close” and eject the drive
On macOS systems, you can use Balena Etcher Write the restore file to a USB stick
On Linux, you can use Balena Etcher Write the restore file to the USB stick – or choose to write directly with this command:
bzcat steamdeck-recovery-1.img.bz2 | dd if=/dev/stdin of=/dev/sdX oflag=sync status=progress bs=128M
(set /dev/sdX to the USB device you plugged in)
After the SteamOS Recovery flash drive is ready, connect the USB flash drive to the SteamDeck via the Type C dock or expansion port. Finally, press and hold the “Volume -” button and press the “Power” button, when you hear the “Steam boot music” After that, release the “Volume -” button, and then release the “Power” button, which will start the “Boot Manager”.
In the boot management program, after choosing to boot from “EFI USB Device” (EFI USB device, your USB flash drive), it will enter the “Recovery Environment”.
This startup will take a few minutes, please be patient.
By the way, the BIOS of Steam Deck is Insyde BIOS made in Taiwan. Although it may not be used, but long press the “Volume +” key and press the “Power” key, when you hear the “Steam boot music”, immediately release the “Volume +” key, and then release the “Power” key to enter the BIOS setup. Because it is a domestic BIOS, there is also a menu in traditional Chinese, which is very considerate.
▲Use Rufus to write SteamOS to a flash drive above 8G
▲Back to the familiar SteamOS Recovery
Adjust the hard disk partition to make space for Windows or other operating system installation
First, click “Start Menu” -> “System” -> “KDE Partition Manager” in the lower left corner and find the main hard disk partition “home” in SteamOS. It usually occupies the largest capacity, and “Label” and “Partition Label” will also be “home”.
After finding “home”, start to adjust the partition of the hard disk. It is recommended to give at least 64GB of space to Windows if space permits. Taking the Windows 10 Professional Edition installed by the author as an example, just installing the system, using the usual Chinese input method and Chrome browser, consumes 27GB of capacity. Because the author has a full 1TB to squander, I divided 512GB for Windows 10. (Cool)
Please select the “home” hard disk partition and click “Resize/Move” to cut the hard disk partition.
After the partition is prepared, the next step is to format and give the new blank partition a name so that it can be easily found in the future. Please right click on “unallocated” and click “New” to create a new partition. Then click the drop-down menu for “File system” and select “ntfs”. This is the file system that Microsoft has been using since Windows NT. It has been revised many times now.
Then give it a name in “Label”. The author writes “win” which is easier to remember. The following instructions will use “win” to call this hard disk partition. If you change the name yourself, remember to change it yourself.
In short, when we complete the above operations, you will see a win partition with a capacity of 512GB. Please click “Apply” in the upper left corner, and then click “Apply Pending Operations” to enable these changes. On my computer, this action takes about 3 minutes to complete.
If you plan to install other operating systems such as Ubuntu instead of Windows, you can also leave it blank for now. For example, Ubuntu will take the remaining space by itself.
▲First execute “Start Menu” -> “System” -> “KDE Partition Manager”
▲Find the “home” hard disk partition, its “Label” and “Partition Label” will also be “home”
▲Click “Resize/Move” on the selected hard disk partition to cut the hard disk partition.
▲Adjust “Free space after” to give Windows space to install. The example here is to give 512GB of space.
▲Right click on “Unallocated” and select “New” to create a partition.
▲Select “ntfs” in “Filesystem”, and give “win” as the name to “Label”. Then click “OK”.
▲Final confirmation, if the result is satisfactory, click “Apply” in the upper right corner.
▲The second confirmation, the system informs which adjustments will be performed, here you can directly click “Apply Pending Operations” to operate.
▲If everything is normal, there will be no error message here. Please click “OK” to continue.
▲The final result shows that in addition to the space used by SteamOS to install games and personal data, you can also see a 471.62GiB ntfs hard disk partition named “win”.
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