The fires in the Moria migrant camp in Greece have definitely rekindled the concern of European leaders over a subject they would have preferred to forget. And accelerated the approach of the Commission which, from postponement to postponement, had clearly not yet finalized the “Pact for migration” announced a year ago.
Under the pressure of events, she will finally present it on September 23. This project is supposed to empower all States, establish between them the solidarity that has been so lacking since 2015, and avoid other human tragedies.
On Wednesday September 16, Ursula von der Leyen surprised by announcing, following his speech on the state of the European Union (EU), that she heard ” abolish “ the Dublin regulation (known as “Dublin III”), the device which crystallizes all tensions. Because it is considered unequal by Greece, Italy or Malta, the main entry countries. And too lax by many others, who are calling for a complete overhaul of provisions that should initially translate the Geneva Convention on refugees into European law.
“Dublin” delegates responsibility for examining the asylum application to the first country of arrival of a migrant in Europe. Initially aimed at distributing competences well, coordinating responses and avoiding multiple asylum requests, the mechanism quickly became a burden for the countries of arrival and a selfish tool for others, happy to relieve themselves of a burden. responsibility on their partners.
“A new strong mechanism of solidarity”
This lack of solidarity has long blocked the debate on an overhaul of procedures. In 2016, a mandatory allocation and quotas project, devised by the Commission to replace the system of the first host country, had failed. The countries of the Visegrad group – Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia – were opposed to the very idea of welcoming foreigners. Even if the quota system should only apply in the event of a “Exceptional” or would have been limited, at the request of either capital.
” Abolish “, therefore, this regulation inoperative? “Formally, the President of the Commission is not wrong: new legislation must replace what exists today. But we’re not going to throw all of Dublin’s content in the trash “, indicates a diplomat. And, at the Commission too, the President’s remarks were fairly quickly qualified. “The current system leads to an imbalance: States have to beg for aid, the return mechanism works poorly, political governance is lacking”, commented an official. The future pact should therefore insist on the concept of responsibility and solidarity of member countries.
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