A senior US official has announced in Munich that the United States and the Taliban have reached a truce agreement that will come into force “very soon” and could lead to the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan. The announcement comes after the US secretary of state. Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Defense Mark Esper have held an apart at Bayerischerhof, where the Munich Security Conference is held, with the President of Afghanistan, Ashraf Ghani. As agreed at that meeting, they have reached an agreement for a “violence reduction” of seven days, a truce that will be followed by the beginning of peace talks with all those involved in the Afghan conflict that will take place approximately within 10 days The agreement, according to the aforementioned official, is “very specific” and covers the entire country, including Afghan forces. And it has been closed after Esper has claimed that Afghanistan requires a “political agreement.”
Prior to the Munich negotiation, when he went to the airport at Dover Air Base on Monday to receive the bodies of the last US soldiers killed in Afghanistan, US President Donald Trump would have approved the agreement whenever the fundamentalist movement founded by mullah Mohamed Omar is committed to reducing violence in the Central Asian country for a period of seven days and Pompeo would have been advancing contacts in telephone conversations. When they have arrived in Munich, according to an American diplomat, the agreement was already closed at 95%, although it is not the first time that an agreement is reached that is shipwrecked, as happened in September last year. Although the details of the Munich agreement have not been given, which had recently been negotiated by the US special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and representatives of the Taliban in Doha, Qatar, it is very likely to be based on that, whose only obstacle was the refusal of the Taliban to sit down to negotiate with the Afghan government, which they consider Washington puppet. At this point, according to Asper, a “remarkable step” has been achieved. Khalilzad and General Scott Miller, commander of the US-led international force in Afghanistan, have also attended the meeting in Munich.
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has considered it essential that the Afghan Government and the Taliban sit down to negotiate because internal talks have become the only factor capable of guaranteeing lasting peace in the country. NATO considers the conversations between Afghans essential to achieve peace in Afghanistan. “The only thing that can create lasting peace and lead to stability in Afghanistan is a negotiation between Afghans,” he said, applauding the approaches between the Taliban and the US. “It remains to be seen if the Taliban want to comply what could be, hopefully, the first step towards conversations among Afghans, ”he added, not without some skepticism.
The truce in which hopes are set now takes place after there has been an increase in Iranian activity in Afghanistan, which represented a risk to US and coalition troops there. Marine Corps General Frank McKenzie, the main US commander for the Middle East, has just made an unannounced visit to Afghanistan and recognized journalists during the visit that the area is seeing a “worrying trend” of interference Iranian. “Iran has always dabbled a little in Afghanistan, but perhaps they see an opportunity to persecute us and the coalition here through their representatives.” McKenzie’s warnings come only weeks after Iran launched up to two dozen ballistic missiles at two bases in Iraq where US forces are stationed. No one died, but several dozen American soldiers received traumatic brain injuries. The attack was in retaliation for an attack with an American drone in Iraq that killed Qassem Soleimani, an important general of the Iranian Quds Force.
Iran has always provided money, support and weapons to Shiite militias in Afghanistan. Afghan officials have expressed concern that Iran still supports and organizes members of the militia and may pose a threat to troops, residents and the government. .