For any person, sweating is a normal process. However, it happens that this process becomes pathological. Intense sweating causes psychological and physical discomfort to a person. This condition is called hyperhidrosis in medicine.
If excessive sweating does not depend on the increase in ambient temperature and is noted constantly, you should consult a specialist. In this case, hyperhidrosis is of two types:
“Primary hyperhidrosis develops mainly in adolescence and is an individual feature of the body and its nervous system. If excessive sweating is moderate and does not cause much discomfort, it is enough to apply hygiene measures, ”Oksana Dyukareva, an endocrinologist at the Polyclinic 2 of the Khimki Regional Hospital, told Aif.ru.
In this case, it is important to wear clothes made from natural materials and take a shower twice a day. It is also advised to limit the consumption of fatty and spicy foods and observe proper nutrition.
“There are many reasons for the development of secondary hyperhidrosis. These can be problems with the nervous system, especially in conditions of increased stress. Or infectious diseases – often excessive sweating is one of the first symptoms of the development of a viral or bacterial infection against the background of an increase in body temperature. Excessive sweating can be the result of tuberculosis, malaria, HIV infection. Excessive sweating can also occur with cancer, especially if along with it there is a decrease in appetite, loss of body weight, severe weakness. Also in people with a disease of the cardiovascular system, ”explained the endocrinologist.
A common cause of hyperhidrosis is diseases of the endocrine system (disruption of the thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus, obesity, menopause).
In addition, the risks are increased in people with increased body weight, regular emotional and physical overload, arterial hypertension and alcohol addiction.
“The specific smell of sweat appears due to the vital activity of bacteria that normally live on our body surface. The greater the number of these bacteria, the more pronounced the smell. Certain foods and spices increase the smell of sweat, such as hot peppers, mustard, and garlic. A change in the habitual smell of sweat often indicates the development of certain diseases. For example, with the development of diabetes mellitus, a specific smell of acetone appears, and with kidney disease, ammonia. In case of any changes in the smell of sweat, it is necessary to consult a doctor and clarify what you associate with this smell, ”explains the doctor.
Experts also advise using antibacterial soap, removing hair in the armpit and groin areas, and changing underwear and clothing as often as possible.