In the midst of the coronavirus pandemic, the world now has another alert that it must address. Is that scientists are alarming about a possible chain collision –called Kessler Syndrome– of different space debris could cause the destruction of all artificial satellites orbiting the earth.
Also, in case that space junk crash is spawned, The departure into space of new ships and satellites could also be affected.
The name of this phenomenon comes from the American scientist from NASA Donald Kessler. The researcher had first coined this term in 1991, referring to a possible chain reaction produced by the collision of fragments of space. At present, several scientists comment, the alarm is even greater: There are more and more new satellites, while old ones continue to accumulate and generate waste.
The numbers are shocking. According to the European Space Agency, there are about 129 million debris fragments circling the Earth. Per case, approximately 34 thousand of these wastes measure at least 10 centimeters. Holger Krag, a member of the aforementioned entity, warns: “Small fragments are dangerous too”.
Meanwhile, astrophysicist Jonathan McDowell believes that there are about 7,200 tons of space debris, that is remains of probes and rockets manufactured and launched by the United States.
Faced with this alert, different space agencies began to work to find a solution to the problem. NASA, for example, reported that it is developing a sophisticated apparatus, specially designed to collect and remove debris scattered in space from orbit.
On the other hand, the Space site indicated that OSCAR (Capture and Disposal of Obsolete Ships) will carry nets and moorings on board and will work autonomously, with minimal guidance from controllers from Earth.