What is the reason for the sudden visit of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and irrigation of Egypt to Sudan?

This morning, Wednesday, surprisingly, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry announced the… The visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sameh Shoukry and Water Resources, Mohamed Abdel-Aty Sudan to discuss strengthening bilateral cooperation and developments in the Renaissance Dam.

She said that the two ministers headed to the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, where they are scheduled to meet Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, head of the Sudanese Sovereign Council, and Dr. Abdullah Hamdok, the Sudanese Prime Minister, in addition to holding an expanded session of talks with the Sudanese Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Irrigation at the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

But why this visit, which was not announced before, and what prompted it?

Egyptian experts confirmed to Al-Arabiya.net that the visit has one indication, which is that the two countries are consulting and coordinating to unify their position regarding Ethiopian intransigence, and are preparing a legal and technical file that can be submitted to international bodies that support their position and reveal the details of the Ethiopian position, which pushes the region to a state of instability in case of insistence on The second refill without agreement with the downstream states.

From the visit of the Egyptian ministerial delegation to Khartoum

Dr. Mohamed Nasr Allam, the former Egyptian Minister of Irrigation, told Al Arabiya.net that “indeed it seems clear that there are developments behind this sudden visit,” stressing that it has to do with future negotiations or a joint peaceful move that the two countries will take to defend their rights before international bodies after insistence. Addis Ababa is due to start the second filling next July.

What supports this, according to what the Egyptian expert Abbas Sharaki told Al Arabiya.net, is the announcement by the Ethiopian Minister of Irrigation a few days ago that his country intends to start the second filling on July 22, up to the level of 573 metres. Sharaki added, “Although the second filling will be reduced to approximately one third, as the Ethiopian authorities will store between 3 to 4 billion cubic meters only instead of 13.5 billion, but the Ethiopian side’s insistence on filling without an agreement is unacceptable for the downstream countries.”

He stressed that “it may be agreed during the visit to coordinate between the Egyptian and Sudanese sides on the work plan during the next phase in a unified manner, and to exchange information on the construction developments of the Renaissance Dam and Ethiopia’s storage capabilities and the steps that the two countries can take to stop it and prevent damage to them.”

AlNahda dam

AlNahda dam

The Egyptian Minister of Irrigation had confirmed his country’s keenness to Continuing the Renaissance Dam negotiations To reach a fair and binding agreement.

During his meeting with Egyptian parliamentarians last Saturday, he stressed Egypt’s constants in preserving its water rights and achieving benefit for all in any agreement on the Ethiopian dam, stressing the quest to reach a just and binding legal agreement for all that meets the aspirations of all countries in development.

He added that any action taken without a just and binding legal agreement and without coordination with the downstream countries is a unilateral act that is rejected.

For his part, Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok stressed the Sudan’s refusal to unilaterally fill the Renaissance Dam Without reaching a binding legal agreement, referring to the direct threat posed by the unilateral filling to the operation of the Roseires Dam, irrigation projects, power generation systems and citizens on both banks of the Blue Nile.


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