What will be the new election rules? The government approved two proposals

One variant envisages the preservation of 14 constituencies, according to the other, voters throughout the Czech Republic would choose from the same candidates and the state would be the only constituency.

In both variants, the 5% limit for entering the Chamber of Deputies is maintained. In the case of coalitions, however, there is a return to the original parameters, ie the need for profit of 7, 9 and 11 percent, depending on whether there are two, three or four or more coalition partners.

“Both variants meet the parameters set by the Constitutional Court and offer a fairer distribution of seats. Now it will depend on which variant there will be a political agreement in the Parliament, “remarked the Minister of the Interior Jan Hamáček (CSSD).

Variants:
The first option, which the office described as narrow, envisages a change in the conversion of votes into mandates while maintaining 14 constituencies. Hare’s quota would be used. According to the ministry, this is a mechanism whereby an electoral number is obtained by dividing the total number of valid votes for entities advanced to the ballot by 200. “The more times this electoral number fits into the nationwide win of the votes of a particular political party, movement or coalition, the more seats it will win,” the government material states.
The second variant is broader and also interferes with the organizational and technical provision of elections. It envisages the abolition of 14 constituencies, so the Czech Republic would become one constituency. The electoral formula for the conversion of votes into mandates is the Hagenbach-Bischoff quota, in which, compared to Hare’s quota, the total number of votes transferred to the Cabinet is divided by 201. This option would require some organizational changes the ballots would also look different.
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Parliament has to change the electoral rules due to the verdict of the Constitutional Court, which recently repealed some passages of the regulation. He deleted, for example, the multiplication clauses for coalitions and part of the paragraphs governing the distribution of seats, which was a burden on larger parties.

The new rules must be discussed by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate before the parliamentary elections, which will be held in October this year. You will already follow the amendment. It must be approved by both chambers. In this case, it is not possible for the Chamber to override the Senate.

Due to the need for agreement, two weeks ago the parliamentary groups agreed to use the older People’s Deputies’ proposal to save time. However, Prime Minister Andrej Babiš (YES) then announced that the government would present its own.

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