what you didn’t know about the genius of the 21st century

Stephen Hawking was a man who excelled in all fields. Even with a degenerative disease that limited his mobility, the British physicist, theorist and cosmologist made many breakthroughs in the world of science and recognition of popular culture. Below, remember important facts from his life and interesting curiosities about this great genius.

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Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford (England).

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He was born on the 300th anniversary of the physicist Galileo Galilei.

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He was famous for his discoveries in the field of physics, which helped formulate and expand theories such as the Big Bang, which explains the origin of the universe; as well as for his effort to bring science closer to the masses.

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He was a doctor of cosmology and was an emeritus Lucasian professor at the University of Cambridge. Previously, this position belonged to Isaac Newton, Paul Dirac and Charles Babbage.

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Before passing away, he was director of research in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and founder of the Center for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge.

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Hawking created an association in 2015 that was running a project to find signs of life in the Milky Way and other nearby galaxies.

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His father preferred that he study Medicine, but Hawking entered University College (Oxford) in 1959 and ended up studying Natural Sciences.

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Hawking suffered from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a rare degenerative disease that paralyzes the muscles.

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When he was diagnosed with the disease, the doctors told him that he had, at best, two years to live. At the time, he was 21 years old.

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The physicist used a voice synthesizer because, in 1985, he had to undergo a tracheostomy after contracting pneumonia.

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In 2005, he was using his cheek muscles to control the synthesizer, but by 2009 he was no longer able to operate the electric wheelchair.

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The documentaries were ‘Brief history of time’ (1991), based on the homonymous book, and ‘Hawking’ (2013), narrated by the scholar himself.

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In 2004, the BBC released the television movie ‘Hawking’. Benedict Cumberbatch plays Hawking in Philip Martin’s film, which focuses on the scientist’s time at Cambridge University.

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The greatest film about the life of the scientist, which triumphed among critics and audiences, was ‘La Teoría Del Todo’ (2014).

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The film was nominated for 5 Oscars: Best Picture, Best Actor (Eddie Redmayne), Best Actress (Felicity Jones), Best Adapted Screenplay (Anthony McCarten) and Best Soundtrack (Jóhann Jóhansson).

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Eddie Redmayne’s portrayal of Stephen Hawking earned him an Oscar for best actor. The feature film is based on Jane Hawking’s memoir, ‘Traveling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen’.

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He first married Jane Hawking in July 1965 and separated in 1991.

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Later, he formalized his union with his nurse Elaine Mason, in 1995. They were together for 11 years.

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Stephen Hawking had three children and three grandchildren.

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The physicist and his daughter Lucy wrote some children’s books together, such as ‘The secret key to the universe’, from 2007.

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Father and daughter are co-writers of ‘The Cosmic Treasure (The Secret Key to the Universe 2)’, ‘George and the Big Bang’, ‘George and the Unbreakable Code’ and the most recent, ‘George and the Blue Moon’.

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The physicist made a special appearance in the episode ‘The Hawking Excitation’ of ‘The Big Bang Theory’.

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In the sitcom’s story, Howard (Simon Helberg) must work with Hawking. As a result, Sheldon Cooper (Jim Parsons) becomes desperate to meet his idol personally.

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In this episode, Sheldon Cooper makes a basic arithmetic mistake and passes out in front of Stephen.

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The scientist also participated in the animated series ‘The Simpsons’, ‘Futurama’, ‘Dexter’s Laboratory’, ‘The Fairly OddParents’ and ‘Family Guy’.

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The Englishman participated in an episode of the series ‘Stark Trek: The Next Generation’, in a scene in which he appeared as a hologram with Newton and Einstein.

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In 1994, he participated in the recording of Pink Floyd’s album, ‘The Division Bell’, doing the digital voice in ‘Keep Talking’.

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Twenty years later, on ‘The Endless River’ (an album made from the ‘beats’ that were not used on ‘The Division Bell’), the group breathed new life into a sample of the scientist’s voice on ‘Talkin’ Hawkin ‘.’

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Stephen Hawking read a speech during the opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Paralympic Games in London.

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