By Simon Lewis and Amanda Becker
(Reuters) – Democratic contenders hoping to challenge President Donald Trump in November 2020 believe the Republican leader’s unorthodox foreign policy approach has jeopardized American interests.
However, a clear gulf has formed about how they would address US interests abroad. Competitors also differ in terms of trade and whether Trump’s import duties from China should be reversed.
Here is a look at the foreign policy positions of the eight best democratic candidates in the race.
Biden was Vice President of Democratic President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2017 and spent another 35 years in the U.S. Senate. He argues that his foreign policy experience outperforms his rivals.
Biden supports the support of traditional alliances such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). He said he would seek an extension of the new START nuclear weapons control agreement with Russia, which expires in 2021 and which Trump has not committed to renewing.
He supports the leaving of some US troops in the Middle East.
Biden has been criticized by US Senator Bernie Sanders for voting in the 2003 Senate to approve the Iraq war. He has since said he was misled by President George W. Bush’s government and later spoke out against it.
But Biden was not always interventionist. He opposed the Obama administration’s flood of troops in Afghanistan in 2009 and the 2011 decision to intervene in Libya.
Since the Iran strike, the US Senator from Vermont has polished his anti-war ID cards, protested the Vietnam War, and made efforts to stop the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Sanders said in the January debate that both Vietnam and Iraq “are based on lies” and that Iran “could become a war that is worse”. He said the United States should re-enter the nuclear deal with Iran that Trump resigned from.
Sanders also tried to compare his record with Biden’s trade balance. Sanders rejected the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which resulted in job losses. He also rejects the US-Mexico agreement (USMCA) that replaces NAFTA and says it has only “modest improvements.”
Sanders previously expressed solidarity with leftist governments, but is now distinguishing between his declared democratic socialism and governments such as Venezuela’s Nicolas Maduro, whom he has termed “malicious tyrants”.
The US Senator from Massachusetts has agreed to develop a foreign policy that will focus on job creation and defense in the United States.
“We have to bring our troops home,” said Warren from Afghanistan.
Warren was the first major candidate to file a lawsuit against Trump for taking measures to hinder the federal government’s investigation into Russia’s influence on the election.
Warren has blown up Trump’s “trade wars” and supports the USMCA, although she agrees with Sanders that it is only a “modest improvement.”
“It will bring some relief to our workers,” said Warren in a January debate.
Buttigieg studied abroad in England and Tunisia and worked for the global consulting firm McKinsey & Company. In his first term as Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, he took the time to deploy to the US Navy Reserve in Afghanistan.
Buttigieg has agreed to rejoin the Iranian nuclear deal and the Paris climate deal. Buttigieg has called for the abolition of US military force approval by Congress following the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, and claims that this has become a “blank check”.
Buttigieg said in a January debate that he supports the USMCA trade agreement to replace NAFTA. He also said that if they annexed West Bank settlements, he would withhold US funds from Israel.
The billionaire, the former Mayor of New York, who launched in November, has not yet presented a detailed foreign policy plan, but has committed to being tough on Iran and strongly supporting Israel.
Bloomberg said he would never set conditions for US military aid to Israel. He rejected the Iranian nuclear deal because of insufficient security measures for Israel, but said he would pursue another agreement.
Bloomberg would only support an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement that created an independent Palestinian state if it ensured Israel’s security and retained its Jewish character, a campaign spokesman said.
Bloomberg, which has business relations with China through its news and market data provider Bloomberg LP, has spoken out against Trump’s trade war with Beijing and has spoken out about the need to work with China to combat climate change.
The US Senator from Minnesota welcomed the Washington Post’s characterization of her worldview as “internationalism of the heartland”.
Klobuchar believes that the United States should take a tough line against Russia by tightening sanctions and pledging to NATO, and China by talking about the treatment of Uyghur Muslims and the crackdown on protesters in Hong Kong.
Klobuchar was against the Iraq war. “When I got to the Senate, I urged that we bring our troops home,” she said during the January debate.
Klobuchar also said she would leave some troops in the Middle East, but not as many as Trump discussed. In Afghanistan, “some stayed for counter-terrorism and education.”
Klobuchar would resume nuclear negotiations with Iran and supports the USMCA.
Along with his national flagship universal basic income project for all Americans over the age of 18, Yang has proposed a “Reverse Boot Camp” to ensure that members of the military are ready to return to civilian life.
The former technology entrepreneur’s foreign policy initiatives include the proposal to develop new encryption standards and invest in quantum technology in order to be one step ahead of geopolitical competitors.
Yang also said that the decision to launch a nuclear attack should not be made by the president alone, and suggested that the vice president also review such calls.
The multi-billion dollar investor, confidently moving to the presidency, has made few specific national security guidelines alongside the commitment to U.S. alliances such as NATO, but promises to give the U.S. leadership priority in combating climate change.
Steyer, who has committed to making climate change a national emergency to make the United States climate neutral by 2045, will immediately rejoin the Paris Agreement and provide $ 200 billion in U.S. aid to address environmental problems worldwide ,
(Reporting by Simon Lewis and Amanda Becker; Additional reporting by Jim Oliphant; Editing by Jonathan Oatis)