Who was César Chávez, the historic peasant leader that Joe Biden paid tribute to in the Oval Office of the White House

In 1994, former President Bill Clinton called him “The Moses of his people” (Photo: special)

A few hours after being installed in the White House, in Washington DC, the president of the United States, Joseph Biden, shared the new look for the Oval Office.

Behind the iconic presidential desk, where a large number of black folders with his first executive orders, a wooden table is located where the inevitable Photographs in which it appears with his wife Jill Biden and their children.

However, also placed a sculpted bronze bust of César Chávez, historical peasant leader. This sculpture attracted the attention of both national and international media, especially in Latin America.

The 46th president in the history of the American Union (Photo: AP)

The 46th president in the history of the American Union (Photo: AP)

Activist and union leader

César Estrada Chávez (1927-1993) was an American from second generation and Mexican origin born in Yuma, Arizona.

His parents lost the family farm during the Great Depression (1929), so he spent most of his childhood and youth touring the southwestern United States as a swallow worker.

He never managed to complete his formal education, but an insatiable intellectual curiosity led him to reading and self-learning for the rest of his life. In 1952 he began his career as a community activist in one of the groups that then promoted the Latino civil rights in California, conducting campaigns to register voters and fight economic and racial discrimination.

Formed the first successful rural union in US history (Photo: AP)

Formed the first successful rural union in US history (Photo: AP)

Finally he decided to devote all his effort to unionize the braceros, whose exploitation and needs he had shared for years.

A task that culminated in the formation of the powerful Union of Agricultural Workers (UFW, for its acronym in English), the first successful rural guild in American history.

The notorious “grape boycott,” which his union led for more than five years, earned him national recognition by producing the first Collective negotiation in favor of more than 10 thousand collectors in the vineyards of California.

Chávez died on April 23, 1993 in San Luis, Arizona, while he slept just a few miles from where he had been born 66 years earlier. More than 50 thousand people attended his funeral.

Julie Chávez Rodríguez, granddaughter of the activist and union member, is the new director of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs of the White House (Photo: File)

Julie Chávez Rodríguez, granddaughter of the activist and union member, is the new director of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs of the White House (Photo: File)

Thanks to your actions, currently 13 states and dozens of cities in the United States officially celebrate “César Chávez Day” and its name has baptized streets, parks and public facilities from coast to coast.

Even in 1994 the former president Bill Clinton called him “The Moses of his people” during the act in which he was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of the Freedom, the highest decoration awarded to a civilian in the United States.

It is worth mentioning that, Chávez made popular the cry of “Yes, we can”, created by his union partner Dolores Huerta, and what years later would I adopt Barack Obama in his campaign for the Presidency in 2008.

Interestingly, Biden recently chose Julie Chavez Rodriguez, granddaughter of the activist and unionist, as director of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairss of the White House.

Salvadorans wearing masks wait in line to receive their new passports at the Central American country's consulate in Chicago, Illinois (Photo: Sopa Images)

Salvadorans wearing masks wait in line to receive their new passports at the Central American country’s consulate in Chicago, Illinois (Photo: Sopa Images)

Several policy analysts agreed social networks that such decoration is a symbol of their commitment to undocumented workers, especially from Mexico.

Your immigration reform plan

Shortly after taking office, Biden moved forward to reverse four years of restrictions and mass deportations with a plan that paves the way for citizenship and was outlined in a bill.

He also issued a series of executive measures reversing the former president’s numerous immigration initiatives. Donald Trump, among them, paralyzing the work of construction of a border wall with Mexico and removing travel restrictions from various countries, mainly Muslim.

It is not yet known if the bill will be approved by the Congress, where you think you will find a strong opposition, as more recent similar attempts failed: in 2007 under Republican President George W. Bush and in 2013 under the Democratic administration of Barack Obama.

Other details of the oval office

It also highlights a bust of Matin Luther King, a historic activist in the fight for the civil rights of African Americans (Photo: Twitter / arielmou)

It also highlights a bust of Matin Luther King, a historic activist in the fight for the civil rights of African Americans (Photo: Twitter / arielmou)

The renovated office also has the bustos de Martin Luther King, Robert F. Kennedy near the fireplace, as well as those of the African-American activist Rosa Parks and the former first lady Eleanor Roosevelt.

In another statement of intent, Biden has posted a portrait of the former Democratic president Franklin Delano Roosevelt, architect of the “New Deal” and the leader who guided the country during World War II.

Trump had put the former president in his place Andrew Jackson (1829-1837), a leader whom he said he admired and whose passage through history has been recognized but also criticized for being responsible for the so-called “path of tears” of the Native Americans expelled from their lands (1836-1839).

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