Core point: It is no coincidence that the North Korean military has developed asymmetric means such as long-range border artillery, light infantry, infiltration forces, and chemical and radiological units to counter the increasing technological superiority of the South.
In the past seventy years, the Republic of Korea’s army (ROK Army) has grown from a police force into one of the largest, most powerful, and most technologically advanced in the world. This remarkable development is solely due to the original invasion and war of neighboring North Korea between 1950 and 53. This existential threat has never really disappeared, and North Korea is consistently threatening and preparing for a second successful invasion.
The Republic of Korea’s army was founded in 1945 by U.S. forces that occupied the southern half of the Korean peninsula. By 1946, the ROK army had nine “national security regiments”, lightly armed infantry regiments with a total of 25,000 men. As relations between the United States and the Soviet Union deteriorated, that number was increased to 50,000 soldiers.
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