1is February 2021, the promises of democratic transition for Burma are shattered. The soldiers carry out the fourth coup d’état in the country’s history since its independence in 1948. The head of the armed forces contests the results of the 2020 legislative elections, won, like the previous ones, by the National League for Democracy (LND ), led by Aung San Suu Kyi. A new snub for the military junta, which decides to impose a state of emergency in the country and to imprison its political opponents, the Nobel Peace Prize as a priority. Burma then returned to a morbid cycle of democratic hopes crushed by the army.
But a movement of civil disobedience is taking place. Several hundred thousand demonstrators marched in the big Burmese towns to reject this coup and demand the release of “Mother Suu”. Demonstrations brutally repressed by the army. So why did the army, which held part of the political power, decide to put an end to the appeasement of recent years? Will Aung San Suu Kyi’s party succeed in negotiating with the junta to restore calm?