Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia repudiated China’s claim on batik. Through Twitter @Kemlu_RI Twitter account on Monday (07/13/2020), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs explained that batik is the legacy of Indonesia’s ancestors which is closely related to people’s daily lives.
“Batik is a strong ancestral heritage in our everyday lives. Since 2/10/2009, @UNESCO has designated batik as the Human Heritage of Oral and Non-Indigenous Culture. added a #This Demo tag.
In the next tweet, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs uploaded a photo when Minister of Foreign Affairs (Menlu) Retno Lestari Priansari Marsudi became President of the UNSC. The Minister of Foreign Affairs and some attendees wearing batik were seen.
“The following photo is an unforgettable moment when the Indonesia Flag of Indonesia batik the UN Security Council meeting room when Indonesia became the President of the UN Security Council (05/05/2019). Well, #Friends .
On Sunday (7/12/2020), media from China, Xinhua News said that batik is a traditional craft that is common among ethnic groups in China and has existed in the country for a long time.
“Batik is a traditional craft that is common among ethnic groups in China. Using melted candles and tools such as spatulas, people dye cloth and heat it to remove wax. Look at how ancient handicrafts developed in modern times. #AmazingChina,” Xinhua News wrote through his Twitter account. @XHNews.
The post also included a video of the process of making batik, which lasted 49 seconds. It was explained that batik is a traditional Chinese craft which is usually used by ethnic minority groups in Guizhou and Yunan.
Suddenly the post aroused controversy and immediately drew responses from Indonesian citizens who did not accept the unilateral claims of China. After many protests using the word ‘batik’, the media corrected their claims the next day.
“Ancient Chinese wax printing is very skilled and time-consuming. This craft is also known as batik, a word from Indonesia that refers to wax-resistant coloring techniques that are practiced in many parts of the world. Thank you for @Kemlu_RI,” cried Xinhua News.
Although the tradition of making batik is found in various countries, but the most famous internationally is Indonesian batik. Batik itself is a cloth that is painted with wax using a tool called canting and produces certain patterns.
The name batik is derived from the Javanese language, ‘amba’ which means wide and wide fabric, as well as ‘automatic’ or dots, which means batik is the result of connecting dots into certain patterns or images on wide fabric.
Cited from the official website of the West Java Government, it is said that the history of Indonesia’s abolition was related to the development of the Majapahit government and the spread of Islamic teachings in Java. One of them, batik development was done during the reign of Mataram, the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta.
Initially batik was only limited to the palace, the results of which were used by the kings, their families and followers. But because many followers of the kingdom live outside the palace, batik art can develop and be known by the whole society.
Batik is even one of the hobbies of married women to fill their leisure time.
After batik entered the international arena, UNESCO established batik as a Humanitarian Heritage for Oral and Nonbendawi Culture on 2 October 2009. So that on this date, Indonesia commemorates it as the National Batik Day.