A real explosion on a global scale, the Weinstein affair particularly shook the world of cinema in which questions of sexual and sexist harassment have long remained taboo despite the hundreds of stories that circulated outside the sets.
But it was Adèle Haenel’s revelations at Mediapart in the fall of 2019 that triggered real awareness in the profession. The actress had revealed to have been a teenager under ” the influence »From the director Christophe Ruggia with whom she shot The devils and victim of“Touching” and of ” bullying “ repeated on his part from the age of 12 to 15 years.
Measures to fight against sexual violence
« With his words, the cultural battle has taken on another dimension, insisted Sandrine Brauer, co-president of the 50/50 collective during the third meeting for equality, parity and diversity organized on November 25 and 26. She encouraged us to take hold of this endemic phenomenon, to put down the system of abuse made up of silence, power, disorder based on a continued confusion between freedom of creation and license to predation. ».
→ READ. Sexual violence: measures in the cinema industry
A first step in this direction was taken last year with the announcement by Franck Riester, then Minister of Culture, of measures to combat sexism, harassment and sexual violence at all stages of film production. : preparation, filming, promotion. With one main tool: the conditionality of CNC aid to employers’ compliance with their obligations to prevent sexual harassment: among these, the designation of a referent for companies with more than 250 people, or the establishment of an internal reporting procedure and an alert unit.
Mandatory training provided by the CNC
« Cis the first time that a public institution has put in place a conditionality system of such scope », Welcomed the Minister of Culture, Roselyne Bachelot, at the opening of this meeting. Mandatory training courses have also been set up by the CNC for employers, the first two sessions of which were organized in October. They should concern a total of 9,000 people. ” The producers, distributors, or international sellers of films are in small structures and do not necessarily have a good knowledge of their obligations in this area and of the criminal and labor risks they incur. ”, Explained Évelyne Laquit, director of communication at the CNC.
The 50/50 Collective “took note” of these training courses, deemed essential, but insisted on the need to raise awareness, beyond just employers, all members of a team who intervene on the shooting of a film. Hence the development of a White Paper, made public Thursday, November 26, the ambition of which is to serve as a guide of good practices for all professionals involved in a production. This “manual” which opens with an anthology of sexist sentences heard on the sets recalls the definition of sexual violence, the evolution of the law in this field, recommends the appointment of a referent person on all the shootings and details existing reporting procedures or victim support systems.
Obstacles to the liberation of speech
The professionals, however, did not hide all the difficulties that there are still to free the floor and to detect cases of violence on the sets. ” It’s an environment where the border between public and private life is extremely slipperye, explained Anaïs Ascaride, member of the Association of production managers. There are a lot of festive moments during festivals or on set, but we must never forget that it is still work. “. The other obstacle is the financial stake represented by the interruption of a filming in the event of a revelation of sexual assault, the risk not being covered by insurance. A subject ” important to deal with “Said the president of the CNC, Dominique Boutonnat, who announced the upcoming creation of a working group on the subject.